Timeline

Timeline of important events in the development of the Carolina Population Center. The timeline can be reorganized chronologically by selecting the Year column heading.

YEAR EVENT
1964 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's Chancellor Paul Sharp establishes a pan-campus, interdisciplinary committee on population studies to develop a population program. The committee is chaired by John Borden Graham, Professor of Medicine and founder of UNC's graduate program in Genetics. The committee consists of three faculty members from the Department of Sociology (Rupert Vance, Daniel Price, and Charles Bowerman), three from the School of Public Health (Bernard Greenberg, John Gentry, and Sydney Chipman), and two from the Medical School (Charles Ely Flowers, Jr., and John B. Graham). Three additional members are added later from Economics (Ralph W. Pfouts), Journalism (John B. Adams), and Anthropology (John Gulick). The committee convenes in November 1964, and quickly agrees to develop and submit a proposal to the Ford Foundation for support of a University-wide population program.
1964 A team from the Ford Foundation visits UNC-CH in December 1964 and encourages the committee to proceed with development of the population program and the request for support from the Ford Foundation. The Ford Foundation team includes Oscar Harkavey, Reuben Hill, and Lyle Saunders.
1964 Moye Wicks Freymann, the Chief Consultant in Health and Population of the Ford Foundation's India Office, visits the University of North Carolina and explores the possibilities for a population program. He becomes a consultant to UNC during the Carolina Population Center's two formative years prior to the organization's official founding.
1965 Bruce Jessup from USAID and Forrest Linder from the National Center for Health Statistics visit UNC for two days to explore possibilities of a population program at UNC.
1965 In the spring of 1965, both W. Parker Mauldin from the Population Council and Dr. William Vogt from the Conservation Foundation visit UNC. Both visits are to explore the possibilities and potential role of a population program at UNC.
1965 USAID offers nearly $100,000 per year for three years to get the population program started. Dr. Phillip R. Lee, Assistant Secretary, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, leads the effort. New York Times prints article on June 22, 1965, announcing the USAID contract of $267,984 to UNC for support on population studies. Article is entitled "U.S. Offering Birth Control Help to the Underdeveloped Nations."
1965 Moye Freymann visits UNC July 20 - 30 for a second time to help prepare the "ultimate" Ford Foundation proposal.
1965 In October, the Ford Foundation awards $1.5m over a four-year period to UNC for support of a "population program at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill."
1965 CPC sponsors the presentation "A Population Policy for the U.S." Speakers include Joseph Spengler, Duke University; Conrad Taeuber, Assistant Director, U.S. Census Bureau; and Hon. Paul H. Todd, Jr., Congressman from Michigan.
1965 In December, the Conservation Foundation provides $3,500 to support a symposium and development of a book on population policy.
1966 In January, a team from the National Institutes of Health makes a site visit to explore the possibilities for research training.
1966 A retreat is held at Wrightsville Beach, NC, to formulate population program policies. Retreat is attended by 20 members including Freymann, the CPC Policy Board, and some "Faculty Involved with Population Studies."
1966 Special seminar by Dr. Phillip R. Lee, Assistant Secretary, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
1966 John Maier of the Rockefeller Foundation visits in March to review the development of the evolving program.
1966 Carolina Population Center founded on July 1, 1966.
1966 Moye Freymann becomes CPC Director on July 1 and has a joint appointment in the Department of Health Administration in UNC's School of Public Health.
1966 National Institutes of Health awards CPC a training grant of $600,000 over five years.
1966 UNC begins offering advanced degrees with a concentration in population studies.
1966 CPC Library is established to support research at the Center.
1967 U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)'s population program begins. U.S. Congress allocates $35 million for USAID's population-related activities during 1967.
1968 CPC moves to University Square from 500 Pittsboro Street.
1968 CPC sponsors Medical Students' Summer Research on Population and Family Planning program.
1968 Carolina Population Center Monograph Series develops.
1969 Rural Family Planning Project begins, funded by Office of Economic Opportunity.
1969 POPLAB (International Program for Laboratories for Population Statistics Program) established with funding from USAID.
1970 CPC sponsors the following workshops and conferences: International Conference on Population Priorities and Options for Commerce and Industry, 1970-2000; Workshop on Social Work Education and Population-Family Planning; Workshop on Political Science in Population Studies; Medical Students' Summer Research: Population and Human Reproduction; First International POPLAB Conference.
1970 The Fredericksen Fellowship Program, funded by USAID, is established and provides funding for ten overseas population fellowships each year through 1974. This program is designed to increase quality and supply of people working in organizations engaged in population activities abroad.
1970 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) funds project to develop POPSIM, a computer simulation program to strengthen population theory, and to improve population change predictions for population policies and programs.
1971 The CPC Leadership Council is formed and chaired by John M. Belk, Mayor of Charlotte, NC. The CPC Leadership Council is a group of public leaders primarily from business and industry in North Carolina, which advises CPC on ways to address population issues in North Carolina.
1971 CPC sponsors the following workshops, trainings, and conferences: Demonstration of Improved Rural Family Planning Program Methods, a workshop for staff of the Rural Family Planning Project; International Population Policy Consortium; University Population Program Development Conference; Planning Conference for Population Theory Seminar for 1971-1972, Southern Pines, NC; Workshop on Population Education; Conference on Incentives to Family Planning; Conference on Abortion Techniques and Services, New York City; Fourth National Conference on Population/Family Planning Library and Information Services, held at Carolina Inn in Chapel Hill; Second International POPLAB Conference held at Morehead Planetarium in Chapel Hill;
1971 Amos Hawley, CPC Faculty Associate (and future CPC Fellow) and Professor of Sociology, becomes PAA President.
1971 USAID funds CPC's International Fertility Research Program and Technical Information Services.
1972 Commission on Population Growth and the American Future releases recommendations in the report "Population and the American Future: The Report of The Commission on Population Growth and the American Future." The 24-member Commission was established by Nixon, chaired by John D. Rockefeller III, and developed its findings after two years of research. CPC sponsors a presentation by John D. Rockefeller III, who gave the first public report of the Commission on Population Growth and the American Future to the 200+ attendees, which included the CPC Leadership Council. Rockefeller also participated in a "Dialogue on Population" with UNC students during his visit. The "Dialog on Population" was featured in the "Population: Boom or Doom?" documentary broadcast on ABC in January 1973.
1972 CPC sponsors the following conferences and workshop: Conference on Population Education for Undergraduates; Third International POPLAB Conference, held at POPLAB headquarters at 206 Vance Street, Chapel Hill; Intercampus Workshop on Population Studies in University Programs, which is held to strengthen integration of population studies into academic courses, and to facilitate collaboration with academic departments on different campuses. Nineteen campuses throughout North Carolina participate including Appalachian State, Catawba College, Pfeiffer College, UNC-Charlotte, Elon College, Duke University, and East Carolina University.
1972 CPC receives a NICHD-National Research Service Award, which begins the modern version of CPC's training program.
1973 CPC sponsors the following workshop, institute, and conference: Pontifical University Javeriana Workshop, a workshop for faculty of the Bogota Colombia University; Population Library Development Institute, Bangkok; Fourth International POPLAB Conference, held at the Carolina Inn, Chapel Hill.
1973 CPC receives its first NICHD Center Grant Award.
1973 African Health Training Institutions Project (AHTIP), funded by USAID, begins.
1974 CPC sponsors UNC Librarians Intercampus Workshop on Population Information Resources.
1974 Academic Programs Office holds study groups on the following subjects: Implications of a Stationary Population, Migration, Abortion, Carrying Capacity of the Earth, and Population and Peace.
1974 Moye Freymann leaves the CPC directorship. Thomas L. Hall becomes CPC director.
1974 Technical Information Services project ends.
1974 CPC sponsors North Carolina Demographic Data Workshop for the NC Department of Administration's Office of State Planning.
1975 Fifth International POPLAB Conference held in Rabat, Morocco.
1975 Students use PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations), a population dynamics teaching program developed at the University of Illinois. CPC has a PLATO terminal, which provides visual and graphical population trends for 128 questions on public expenditure projections, natural resource supply and demand, and other variables.
1975 The International Fertility Research Program spins off from CPC as an independent nonprofit organization. This organization becomes Family Health International (FHI) in 1982, which is located in Research Triangle Park, NC.
1976 Fifth International POPLAB Conference held in The Hague, Netherlands.
1977 J. Richard Udry, Professor of Maternal and Child Health and Sociology at UNC-CH, becomes CPC Director.
1977 Udry launches CPC Fellows program. Udry writes memo to CPC's "Concerned Faculty" in which he outlines his vision of membership in the Carolina Population Center as a Fellows program.
1977 First meeting of the CPC Fellows in which five members of the Fellows Council were selected.
1978 Dick Udry begins his Study of Adolescent Sexual Behavior (AdSex).
1978 Carolina Population Center Papers series develops.
1979 Year 1 of CPC's current T32 training grant from NICHD. Funding is provided for postdoctoral training for first time through the NICHD training grant.
1979 CPC Calendar, an internal newsletter, distributes its first issue.
1979 African Health Training Institutions Project (AHTIP), funded by USAID, terminates.
1980 CPC Research Review series begins.
1980 CPC's library catalog, Population Bibliography, made available worldwide on DIALOG.
1980 Formerly known as AHTIP which teminated in 1979, the project spins off from CPC and reorganizes as the Program for International Training in Health (INTRAH) at UNC's School of Medicine.
1980 Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey project begins, the first social and demographic program project funded by NICHD.
1983 RAPID II (Resources for the Awareness of Population Impact on Development) project begins.
1983 Computer Services buys its first IBM personal computers. CPC becomes one of the first organizations at UNC to buy PCs.
1983 POPLAB Project ends.
1983 CPC and the Institute for Research in Social Science (IRSS/Odum Institute) establish a University-wide WFS (World Fertility Survey) Data Bank, the first arrangement between WFS and a University center.
1983 CPC receives funding from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation to support international trainees and their research and training.
1984 CPC's Nang Rong (Thailand) Projects begin.
1984 UNC Life Studies Interest Group begins, organized by Glen H. Elder, Jr.
1984 CPC's Computer Services is the first group on the UNC campus to install a Novell network.
1984 CPC Library and Computer Services develop the Fellows' Bibliographic System, a precursor to the use of ProCite.
1984 CPC receives funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation for training in interdisciplinary biosocial research with scholars from developing countries.
1984 CPC's Statistical Services core is developed.
1985 With Center Grant 1984-1989, CPC's services are organized into "cores": Administrative Services, Computer Services, Population Library, Editorial Services, and Statistical Services.
1985 TAPS, Triangle Area Population Society, has its first meeting. Founding members: Richard E. Bilsborrow, CPC Fellow; Chirayath M. Suchindran, CPC Fellow; Helen Koo, RTI; and Nancy Williamson, Family Health International.
1985 CPC's Distinguished Lecture Series begins with Kingsley Davis' lecture on "The Demographic Foundations of the Women's Movement." Davis is Senior Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University.
1987 Amy Tsui becomes CPC Deputy Director with the charge of improving the training program and enhancing CPC's function as a community of scholarly discourse.
1987 CPC's "mugboard" launched.
1988 Year 1 of CPC's National Institute on Aging training grant.
1988 CPC project China Health and Nutrition Survey begins.
1991 American Teenage Study scheduled to begin, but funding and the project is cancelled by Congress.
1991 Amy Tsui wins the Evaluation Project (later MEASURE Evaluation) funded by USAID.
1991 CPC celebrates its 25th anniversary with a three-day symposium "Population: Growing as a Field," May 5-7, 1991.
1991 Da Vinci replaces mainframe email.
1991 Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey project begins.
1991 Ronald R. Rindfuss, CPC Fellow, serves as PAA President.
1992 J. Richard Udry retires from directorship.
1992 Ronald R. Rindfuss, CPC Fellow and Professor of Sociology at UNC, is appointed CPC Director.
1992 Unix computing introduced at CPC.
1993 Ronald R. Rindfuss combines Editorial Services and Library Services, to develop the Information Services core.
1994 International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo, Egypt.
1994 Healthy People: University Partnerships with North Carolinians, A Bicentennial Symposium held. With sponsorship from the Office of Vice Chancellor for Health Affairs, the symposium was given by CPC and by other research centers of UNC's Division of Health Affairs.
1994 Udry begins the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (AddHealth) project.
1994 CPC is the first population center to propose a Spatial Analysis core.
1994 Dick Udry, CPC Fellow and former Director, serves as PAA President.
1995 CPC website launched.
1996 CPC presents Workshop on Ethnographic and Qualitative Methods in Population Research.
1996 Spatial Analysis core officially added to CPC in the P30 NICHD Center Grant.
1996 Moye Freymann, CPC's first Director, dies. His family establishes the Moye Wicks Freymann Collection in the CPC Library.
1997 The Evaluation Project, still funded by USAID, becomes MEASURE Evaluation.
1997 Amy Tsui, CPC Fellow and Professor of Maternal and Child Health at UNC, is appointed CPC Director.
1998 CPC's Graphics services moves from the Administrative core to Information Services core.
1999 Demography, research journal for the Population Association of America, is based at CPC for three years under the joint editorship of CPC Fellow Barbara Entwisle and former CPC postdoc S. Philip Morgan.
2002 Barbara Entwisle, CPC Fellow and Professor of Sociology at UNC, becomes CPC Director.
2003 USAID awards $70 million to CPC for the second phase of the MEASURE Evaluation Project, becoming the largest social science award ever made to UNC-CH.
2003 S. Philip Morgan, former CPC postdoc, becomes President of PAA.
2004 John Borden Graham, chairman of the first committee to establish CPC, chairman of CPC's Policy Board, and UNC-CH Professor of Medicine, dies .
2004 CPC Library undergoes renovations.
2004 NICHD Center Grant Awards change funding mechanism from P30 to R24.
2004 CPC receives two NIH Roadmap Initiatives: Ronald R. Rindfuss is Principal Investigator of the project "Population, Land Use & Health in Frontier Regions" and Barry Popkin is Principal Investigator of the "Inter-Disciplinary Strategy for Obesity" project.
2005 Wireless access to the computer network and to the Internet becomes available in CPC offices in University Square East.
2005 Renovations are made in CPC's largest meeting space, room 405 of University Square East. The redesign allows up to three smaller meetings at once, a state-of-the-art projection system, and internet accessibility.
2005 Storage capacity on the Novell servers grows to 3 terabytes.
2005 CPC Intranet officially launched.
2005 CPC's Computer Services, Information Services, and Spatial Analysis are reorganized to become Research Services, which also includes Data Support, Publications and Graphics Services, Library Services, Research Programming, Spatial Analysis, Systems and User Services, and Web Services. Reporting and Proposal Services are also added to Research Services.
2006 Barbara Entwisle, CPC Director and CPC Fellow, becomes President of PAA.
2006 CPC celebrates its 40th anniversary with a celebration at UNC's George Watts Hill Alumni Center, and launches its CPC history website.

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