Field Validation of Food Outlet Databases: The Latino Food Environment in North Carolina, USA

Rummo, Pasquale E.; Gordon-Larsen, Penny; & Albrecht, Sandra S. (2015). Field Validation of Food Outlet Databases: The Latino Food Environment in North Carolina, USA. Public Health Nutrition, 18(6), 977-82. PMCID: PMC4269578

Rummo, Pasquale E.; Gordon-Larsen, Penny; & Albrecht, Sandra S. (2015). Field Validation of Food Outlet Databases: The Latino Food Environment in North Carolina, USA. Public Health Nutrition, 18(6), 977-82. PMCID: PMC4269578

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OBJECTIVE: Obtaining valid, reliable measures of food environments that serve Latino communities is important for understanding barriers to healthy eating in this at-risk population. DESIGN: The primary aim of the study was to examine agreement between retail food outlet data from two commercial databases, Nielsen TDLinx (TDLinx) for food stores and Dun & Bradstreet (D&B;) for food stores and restaurants, relative to field observations of food stores and restaurants in thirty-one census tracts in Durham County, NC, USA. We also examined differences by proportion of Hispanic population (</≥23·4 % Hispanic population) in the census tract and for outlets classified in the field as 'Latino' on the basis of signage and use of Spanish language. SETTING: One hundred and seventy-four food stores and 337 restaurants in Durham County, NC, USA. RESULTS: We found that overall sensitivity of food store listings in TDLinx was higher (64 %) than listings in D&B (55 %). Twenty-five food stores were characterized by auditors as Latino food stores, with 20 % identified in TDLinx, 52 % in D&B and 56 % in both sources. Overall sensitivity of restaurants (68 %) was higher than sensitivity of Latino restaurants (38 %) listed in D&B. Sensitivity did not differ substantially by Hispanic composition of neighbourhoods. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that while TDLinx and D&B commercial data sources perform well for total food stores, they perform less well in identifying small and independent food outlets, including many Latino food stores and restaurants.



JOUR



Rummo, Pasquale E.
Gordon-Larsen, Penny
Albrecht, Sandra S.



2015


Public Health Nutrition

18

6

977-82








PMC4269578


8316

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