Changing Crops in Response to Climate: Virtual Nang Rong, Thailand in an Agent Based Simulation

Malanson, George P.; Verdery, Ashton M.; Walsh, Stephen J.; Sawangdee, Yothin; Heumann, Benjamin W.; McDaniel, Philip M.; Frizzelle, Brian G.; Williams, Nathalie E.; Yao, Xiaozheng; Entwisle, Barbara; & Rindfuss, Ronald R. (2014). Changing Crops in Response to Climate: Virtual Nang Rong, Thailand in an Agent Based Simulation. Applied Geography, 53, 202-12. PMCID: PMC4105306

Malanson, George P.; Verdery, Ashton M.; Walsh, Stephen J.; Sawangdee, Yothin; Heumann, Benjamin W.; McDaniel, Philip M.; Frizzelle, Brian G.; Williams, Nathalie E.; Yao, Xiaozheng; Entwisle, Barbara; & Rindfuss, Ronald R. (2014). Changing Crops in Response to Climate: Virtual Nang Rong, Thailand in an Agent Based Simulation. Applied Geography, 53, 202-12. PMCID: PMC4105306

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The effects of extended climatic variability on agricultural land use were explored for the type of system found in villages of northeastern Thailand. An agent based model developed for the Nang Rong district was used to simulate land allotted to jasmine rice, heavy rice, cassava, and sugar cane. The land use choices in the model depended on likely economic outcomes, but included elements of bounded rationality in dependence on household demography. The socioeconomic dynamics are endogenous in the system, and climate changes were added as exogenous drivers. Villages changed their agricultural effort in many different ways. Most villages reduced the amount of land under cultivation, primarily with reduction in jasmine rice, but others did not. The variation in responses to climate change indicates potential sensitivity to initial conditions and path dependence for this type of system. The differences between our virtual villages and the real villages of the region indicate effects of bounded rationality and limits on model applications.


Population and Environment
1A
2a
2b


JOUR



Malanson, George P.
Verdery, Ashton M.
Walsh, Stephen J.
Sawangdee, Yothin
Heumann, Benjamin W.
McDaniel, Philip M.
Frizzelle, Brian G.
Williams, Nathalie E.
Yao, Xiaozheng
Entwisle, Barbara
Rindfuss, Ronald R.



2014


Applied Geography

53


202-12








PMC4105306


8338

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