Genetic Studies of Body Mass Index Yield New Insights for Obesity Biology

Locke, Adam E.; Kahali, Bratati; Berndt, Sonja I.; Justice, Anne E.; Pers, Tune H.; Day, Felix R.; Powell, Corey; Vedantam, Sailaja; Buchkovich, Martin L.; Yang, Jian; Croteau-Chonka, Damien C.; Esko, Tonu; Fall, Tove; Ferreira, Teresa; Gustafsson, Stefan; Kutalik, Zoltan; Luan, Jian 'an; Magi, Reedik; Randall, Joshua C.; Winkler, Thomas W.; Wood, Andrew R.; Workalemahu, Tsegaselassie; Faul, Jessica D.; Smith, Jennifer A.; Hua Zhao, Jing; Zhao, Wei; Chen, Jin; Fehrmann, Rudolf; Hedman, Asa K.; Karjalainen, Juha; Schmidt, Ellen M.; Absher, Devin M.; Amin, Najaf; Anderson, Denise; Beekman, Marian; Bolton, Jennifer L.; Bragg-Gresham, Jennifer L.; Buyske, Steven; Demirkan, Ayse; Deng, Guohong; Ehret, Georg B.; Feenstra, Bjarke; Feitosa, Mary F.; Fischer, Krista; Goel, Anuj; Gong, Jian; Jackson, Anne U.; Kanoni, Stavroula; Kleber, Marcus E.; Kristiansson, Kati; Lim, Unhee; Lotay, Vaneet; Mangino, Massimo; Mateo Leach, Irene; Medina-Gomez, Carolina; Medland, Sarah E.; Nalls, Michael A.; Palmer, Cameron D.; Pasko, Dorota; Pechlivanis, Sonali; Peters, Marjolein J.; Prokopenko, Inga; Shungin, Dmitry; Stancakova, Alena; Strawbridge, Rona J.; Ju Sung, Yun; Tanaka, Toshiko; Teumer, Alexander; Trompet, Stella; van der Laan, Sander W.; van Setten, Jessica; Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Jana V.; Wang, Zhaoming; Yengo, Loic; Zhang, Weihua; Isaacs, Aaron J.; Albrecht, Eva; Arnlov, Johan; Arscott, Gillian M.; Attwood, Antony P.; Bandinelli, Stefania; Barrett, Amy; Bas, Isabelita N.; Bellis, Claire; Bennett, Amanda J.; Berne, Christian; Blagieva, Roza; Bluher, Matthias; Bohringer, Stefan; Bonnycastle, Lori L.; Bottcher, Yvonne; Boyd, Heather A.; Bruinenberg, Marcel; Caspersen, Ida H.; Chen, Yii-Der Ida; Clarke, Robert; Warwick Daw, E.; de Craen, Antonius J. M.; Delgado, Graciela; Dimitriou, Maria; Doney, Alex S. F.; Eklund, Niina; Estrada, Karol; Eury, Elodie; Folkersen, Lasse; Fraser, Ross M.; Garcia, Melissa E.; Geller, Frank; Giedraitis, Vilmantas; Gigante, Bruna; Go, Alan S.; Golay, Alain; Goodall, Alison H.; Gordon, Scott D.; Gorski, Mathias; Grabe, Hans-Jorgen; Grallert, Harald; Grammer, Tanja B.; Graszler, Jurgen; Gronberg, Henrik; Groves, Christopher J.; Gusto, Gaelle; Haessler, Jeffrey; Hall, Per; Haller, Toomas; Hallmans, Goran; Hartman, Catharina A.; Hassinen, Maija; Hayward, Caroline; Heard-Costa, Nancy L.; Helmer, Quinta; Hengstenberg, Christian; Holmen, Oddgeir; Hottenga, Jouke-Jan; James, Alan L.; Jeff, Janina M.; Johansson, Asa; Jolley, Jennifer; Juliusdottir, Thorhildur; Kinnunen, Leena; Koenig, Wolfgang; Koskenvuo, Markku; Kratzer, Wolfgang; Laitinen, Jaana; Lamina, Claudia; Leander, Karin; Lee, Nanette R.; Lichtner, Peter; Lind, Lars; Lindstrom, Jaana; Sin Lo, Ken; Lobbens, Stephane; Lorbeer, Roberto; Lu, Yingchang; Mach, Francois; Magnusson, Patrik K. E.; Mahajan, Anubha; McArdle, Wendy L.; McLachlan, Stela; Menni, Cristina; Merger, Sigrun; Mihailov, Evelin; Milani, Lili; Moayyeri, Alireza; Monda, Keri L.; Morken, Mario A.; Mulas, Antonella; Muller, Gabriele; Muller-Nurasyid, Martina; Musk, Arthur W.; Nagaraja, Ramaiah; Nothen, Markus M.; Nolte, Ilja M.; Pilz, Stefan; Rayner, Nigel W.; Renström, Frida; Rettig, Rainer; Ried, Janina S.; Ripke, Stephan; Robertson, Neil R.; Rose, Lynda M.; Sanna, Serena; Scharnagl, Hubert; Scholtens, Salome; Schumacher, Fredrick R.; Scott, William R.; Seufferlein, Thomas; Shi, Jianxin; Vernon Smith, Albert; Smolonska, Joanna; Stanton, Alice V.; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Stirrups, Kathleen E.; Stringham, Heather M.; Sundstrom, Johan; Swertz, Morris A.; Swift, Amy J.; Syvanen, Ann-Christine; Tan, Sian-Tsung; Tayo, Bamidele O.; Thorand, Barbara; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Tyrer, Jonathan P.; Uh, Hae-Won; Vandenput, Liesbeth; Verhulst, Frank C.; Vermeulen, Sita H.; Verweij, Niek; Vonk, Judith M.; Waite, Lindsay L.; Warren, Helen R.; Waterworth, Dawn; Weedon, Michael N.; Wilkens, Lynne R.; Willenborg, Christina; Wilsgaard, Tom; Wojczynski, Mary K.; Wong, Andrew; Wright, Alan F.; Zhang, Qunyuan; The LifeLines Cohort Study; Brennan, Eoin P.; Choi, Murim; Dastani, Zari; Drong, Alexander W.; Eriksson, Per; Franco-Cereceda, Anders; Gadin, Jesper R.; Gharavi, Ali G.; Goddard, Michael E.; Handsaker, Robert E.; Huang, Jinyan; Karpe, Fredrik; Kathiresan, Sekar; Keildson, Sarah; Kiryluk, Krzysztof; Kubo, Michiaki; Lee, Jong-Young; Liang, Liming; Lifton, Richard P.; Ma, Baoshan; McCarroll, Steven A.; McKnight, Amy J.; Min, Josine L.; Moffatt, Miriam F.; Montgomery, Grant W.; Murabito, Joanne M.; Nicholson, George; Nyholt, Dale R.; Okada, Yukinori; Perry, John R. B.; Dorajoo, Rajkumar; Reinmaa, Eva; Salem, Rany M.; Sandholm, Niina; Scott, Robert A.; Stolk, Lisette; Takahashi, Atsushi; Tanaka, Toshihiro; van't Hooft, Ferdinand M.; Vinkhuyzen, Anna A. E.; Westra, Harm-Jan; Zheng, Wei; Zondervan, Krina T.; The ADIPOGen Consortium; The AGEN-BMI Working Group; The CARDIOGRAMplusC4D Consortium; The CKDGen Consortium; The GLGC; The ICBP; The MAGIC Investigators; The MuTHER Consortium; The MIGen Consortium; The PAGE Consortium; The ReproGen Consortium; The GENIE Consortium; The International Endogene Consortium; Heath, Andrew C.; Arveiler, Dominique; Bakker, Stephan J. L.; Beilby, John; Bergman, Richard N.; Blangero, John; Bovet, Pascal; Campbell, Harry; Caulfield, Mark J.; Cesana, Giancarlo; Chakravarti, Aravinda; Chasman, Daniel I.; Chines, Peter S.; Collins, Francis S.; Crawford, Dana C.; Adrienne Cupples, L.; Cusi, Daniele; Danesh, John; de Faire, Ulf; den Ruijter, Hester M.; Dominiczak, Anna F.; Erbel, Raimund; Erdmann, Jeanette; Eriksson, Johan G.; Farrall, Martin; Felix, Stephan B.; Ferrannini, Ele; Ferrieres, Jean; Ford, Ian; Forouhi, Nita G.; Forrester, Terrence; Franco, Oscar H.; Gansevoort, Ron T.; Gejman, Pablo V.; Gieger, Christian; Gottesman, Omri; Gudnason, Vilmundur G.; Gyllensten, Ulf; Hall, Alistair S.; Harris, Tamara B.; Hattersley, Andrew T.; Hicks, Andrew A.; Hindorff, Lucia A.; Hingorani, Aroon D.; Hofman, Albert; Homuth, Georg; Kees Hovingh, G.; Humphries, Steve E.; Hunt, Steven C.; Hypponen, Elina; Illig, Thomas; Jacobs, Kevin B.; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Jockel, Karl-Heinz; Johansen, Berit; Jousilahti, Pekka; Wouter Jukema, J.; Jula, Antti M.; Kaprio, Jaakko; Kastelein, John J. P.; Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka M.; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Knekt, Paul; Kooner, Jaspal S.; Kooperberg, Charles L.; Kovacs, Peter; Kraja, Aldi T.; Kumari, Meena; Kuusisto, Johanna; Lakka, Timo A.; Langenberg, Claudia; Le Marchand, Loic; Lehtimaki, Terho; Lyssenko, Valeriya; Mannisto, Satu; Marette, Andre; Matise, Tara C.; McKenzie, Colin A.; McKnight, Barbara; Moll, Frans L.; Morris, Andrew D.; Morris, Andrew P.; Murray, Jeffrey C.; Nelis, Mari; Ohlsson, Claes; Oldehinkel, Albertine J.; Ong, Ken K.; Madden, Pamela A. F.; Pasterkamp, Gerard; Peden, John F.; Peters, Annette; Postma, Dirkje S.; Pramstaller, Peter P.; Price, Jackie F.; Qi, Lu; Raitakari, Olli T.; Rankinen, Tuomo; Rao, Dabeeru C.; Rice, Treva K.; Ridker, Paul M.; Rioux, John D.; Ritchie, Marylyn D.; Rudan, Igor; Salomaa, Veikko; Samani, Nilesh J.; Saramies, Jouko; Sarzynski, Mark A.; Schunkert, Heribert; Schwarz, Peter E. H.; Sever, Peter; Shuldiner, Alan R.; Sinisalo, Juha; Stolk, Ronald P.; Strauch, Konstantin; Tonjes, Anke; Tregouet, David-Alexandre; Tremblay, Angelo; Tremoli, Elena; Virtamo, Jarmo; Vohl, Marie-Claude; Volker, Uwe; Waeber, Gerard; Willemsen, Gonneke; Witteman, Jacqueline C.; Carola Zillikens, M.; Adair, Linda S.; Amouyel, Philippe; Asselbergs, Folkert W.; Assimes, Themistocles L.; Bochud, Murielle; Boehm, Bernhard O.; Boerwinkle, Eric; Bornstein, Stefan R.; Bottinger, Erwin P.; Bouchard, Claude; Cauchi, Stephane; Chambers, John C.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Cooper, Richard S.; de Bakker, Paul I. W.; Dedoussis, George; Ferrucci, Luigi; Franks, Paul W.; Froguel, Philippe; Groop, Leif C.; Haiman, Christopher A.; Hamsten, Anders; Hui, Jennie; Hunter, David J.; Hveem, Kristian; Kaplan, Robert C.; Kivimaki, Mika; Kuh, Diana; Laakso, Markku; Liu, Yongmei; Martin, Nicholas G.; Marz, Winfried; Melbye, Mads; Metspalu, Andres; Moebus, Susanne; Munroe, Patricia B.; Njolstad, Inger; Oostra, Ben A.; Palmer, Colin N. A.; Pedersen, Nancy L.; Perola, Markus; Perusse, Louis; Peters, Ulrike; Power, Chris; Quertermous, Thomas; Rauramaa, Rainer; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Saaristo, Timo E.; Saleheen, Danish; Sattar, Naveed; Schadt, Eric E.; Schlessinger, David; Slagboom, P. Eline; Snieder, Harold; Spector, Tim D.; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Stumvoll, Michael; Tuomilehto, Jaakko; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Uusitupa, Matti; van der Harst, Pim; Walker, Mark; Wallaschofski, Henri; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Watkins, Hugh; Weir, David R.; Wichmann, H. Erich; Wilson, James F.; Zanen, Pieter; Borecki, Ingrid B.; Deloukas, Panos; Fox, Caroline S.; Heid, Iris M.; O'Connell, Jeffrey R.; Strachan, David P.; Stefansson, Kari; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Abecasis, Goncalo R.; Franke, Lude; Frayling, Timothy M.; McCarthy, Mark I.; Visscher, Peter M.; Scherag, Andre; Willer, Cristen J.; Boehnke, Michael; Mohlke, Karen L.; Lindgren, Cecilia M.; Beckmann, Jacques S.; Barroso, Ines; North, Kari E.; Ingelsson, Erik; Hirschhorn, Joel N.; Loos, Ruth J. F.; & Speliotes, Elizabeth K. (2015). Genetic Studies of Body Mass Index Yield New Insights for Obesity Biology. Nature, 518(7538), 197-206. PMCID: PMC4382211

Locke, Adam E.; Kahali, Bratati; Berndt, Sonja I.; Justice, Anne E.; Pers, Tune H.; Day, Felix R.; Powell, Corey; Vedantam, Sailaja; Buchkovich, Martin L.; Yang, Jian; Croteau-Chonka, Damien C.; Esko, Tonu; Fall, Tove; Ferreira, Teresa; Gustafsson, Stefan; Kutalik, Zoltan; Luan, Jian 'an; Magi, Reedik; Randall, Joshua C.; Winkler, Thomas W.; Wood, Andrew R.; Workalemahu, Tsegaselassie; Faul, Jessica D.; Smith, Jennifer A.; Hua Zhao, Jing; Zhao, Wei; Chen, Jin; Fehrmann, Rudolf; Hedman, Asa K.; Karjalainen, Juha; Schmidt, Ellen M.; Absher, Devin M.; Amin, Najaf; Anderson, Denise; Beekman, Marian; Bolton, Jennifer L.; Bragg-Gresham, Jennifer L.; Buyske, Steven; Demirkan, Ayse; Deng, Guohong; Ehret, Georg B.; Feenstra, Bjarke; Feitosa, Mary F.; Fischer, Krista; Goel, Anuj; Gong, Jian; Jackson, Anne U.; Kanoni, Stavroula; Kleber, Marcus E.; Kristiansson, Kati; Lim, Unhee; Lotay, Vaneet; Mangino, Massimo; Mateo Leach, Irene; Medina-Gomez, Carolina; Medland, Sarah E.; Nalls, Michael A.; Palmer, Cameron D.; Pasko, Dorota; Pechlivanis, Sonali; Peters, Marjolein J.; Prokopenko, Inga; Shungin, Dmitry; Stancakova, Alena; Strawbridge, Rona J.; Ju Sung, Yun; Tanaka, Toshiko; Teumer, Alexander; Trompet, Stella; van der Laan, Sander W.; van Setten, Jessica; Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Jana V.; Wang, Zhaoming; Yengo, Loic; Zhang, Weihua; Isaacs, Aaron J.; Albrecht, Eva; Arnlov, Johan; Arscott, Gillian M.; Attwood, Antony P.; Bandinelli, Stefania; Barrett, Amy; Bas, Isabelita N.; Bellis, Claire; Bennett, Amanda J.; Berne, Christian; Blagieva, Roza; Bluher, Matthias; Bohringer, Stefan; Bonnycastle, Lori L.; Bottcher, Yvonne; Boyd, Heather A.; Bruinenberg, Marcel; Caspersen, Ida H.; Chen, Yii-Der Ida; Clarke, Robert; Warwick Daw, E.; de Craen, Antonius J. M.; Delgado, Graciela; Dimitriou, Maria; Doney, Alex S. F.; Eklund, Niina; Estrada, Karol; Eury, Elodie; Folkersen, Lasse; Fraser, Ross M.; Garcia, Melissa E.; Geller, Frank; Giedraitis, Vilmantas; Gigante, Bruna; Go, Alan S.; Golay, Alain; Goodall, Alison H.; Gordon, Scott D.; Gorski, Mathias; Grabe, Hans-Jorgen; Grallert, Harald; Grammer, Tanja B.; Graszler, Jurgen; Gronberg, Henrik; Groves, Christopher J.; Gusto, Gaelle; Haessler, Jeffrey; Hall, Per; Haller, Toomas; Hallmans, Goran; Hartman, Catharina A.; Hassinen, Maija; Hayward, Caroline; Heard-Costa, Nancy L.; Helmer, Quinta; Hengstenberg, Christian; Holmen, Oddgeir; Hottenga, Jouke-Jan; James, Alan L.; Jeff, Janina M.; Johansson, Asa; Jolley, Jennifer; Juliusdottir, Thorhildur; Kinnunen, Leena; Koenig, Wolfgang; Koskenvuo, Markku; Kratzer, Wolfgang; Laitinen, Jaana; Lamina, Claudia; Leander, Karin; Lee, Nanette R.; Lichtner, Peter; Lind, Lars; Lindstrom, Jaana; Sin Lo, Ken; Lobbens, Stephane; Lorbeer, Roberto; Lu, Yingchang; Mach, Francois; Magnusson, Patrik K. E.; Mahajan, Anubha; McArdle, Wendy L.; McLachlan, Stela; Menni, Cristina; Merger, Sigrun; Mihailov, Evelin; Milani, Lili; Moayyeri, Alireza; Monda, Keri L.; Morken, Mario A.; Mulas, Antonella; Muller, Gabriele; Muller-Nurasyid, Martina; Musk, Arthur W.; Nagaraja, Ramaiah; Nothen, Markus M.; Nolte, Ilja M.; Pilz, Stefan; Rayner, Nigel W.; Renström, Frida; Rettig, Rainer; Ried, Janina S.; Ripke, Stephan; Robertson, Neil R.; Rose, Lynda M.; Sanna, Serena; Scharnagl, Hubert; Scholtens, Salome; Schumacher, Fredrick R.; Scott, William R.; Seufferlein, Thomas; Shi, Jianxin; Vernon Smith, Albert; Smolonska, Joanna; Stanton, Alice V.; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Stirrups, Kathleen E.; Stringham, Heather M.; Sundstrom, Johan; Swertz, Morris A.; Swift, Amy J.; Syvanen, Ann-Christine; Tan, Sian-Tsung; Tayo, Bamidele O.; Thorand, Barbara; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Tyrer, Jonathan P.; Uh, Hae-Won; Vandenput, Liesbeth; Verhulst, Frank C.; Vermeulen, Sita H.; Verweij, Niek; Vonk, Judith M.; Waite, Lindsay L.; Warren, Helen R.; Waterworth, Dawn; Weedon, Michael N.; Wilkens, Lynne R.; Willenborg, Christina; Wilsgaard, Tom; Wojczynski, Mary K.; Wong, Andrew; Wright, Alan F.; Zhang, Qunyuan; The LifeLines Cohort Study; Brennan, Eoin P.; Choi, Murim; Dastani, Zari; Drong, Alexander W.; Eriksson, Per; Franco-Cereceda, Anders; Gadin, Jesper R.; Gharavi, Ali G.; Goddard, Michael E.; Handsaker, Robert E.; Huang, Jinyan; Karpe, Fredrik; Kathiresan, Sekar; Keildson, Sarah; Kiryluk, Krzysztof; Kubo, Michiaki; Lee, Jong-Young; Liang, Liming; Lifton, Richard P.; Ma, Baoshan; McCarroll, Steven A.; McKnight, Amy J.; Min, Josine L.; Moffatt, Miriam F.; Montgomery, Grant W.; Murabito, Joanne M.; Nicholson, George; Nyholt, Dale R.; Okada, Yukinori; Perry, John R. B.; Dorajoo, Rajkumar; Reinmaa, Eva; Salem, Rany M.; Sandholm, Niina; Scott, Robert A.; Stolk, Lisette; Takahashi, Atsushi; Tanaka, Toshihiro; van't Hooft, Ferdinand M.; Vinkhuyzen, Anna A. E.; Westra, Harm-Jan; Zheng, Wei; Zondervan, Krina T.; The ADIPOGen Consortium; The AGEN-BMI Working Group; The CARDIOGRAMplusC4D Consortium; The CKDGen Consortium; The GLGC; The ICBP; The MAGIC Investigators; The MuTHER Consortium; The MIGen Consortium; The PAGE Consortium; The ReproGen Consortium; The GENIE Consortium; The International Endogene Consortium; Heath, Andrew C.; Arveiler, Dominique; Bakker, Stephan J. L.; Beilby, John; Bergman, Richard N.; Blangero, John; Bovet, Pascal; Campbell, Harry; Caulfield, Mark J.; Cesana, Giancarlo; Chakravarti, Aravinda; Chasman, Daniel I.; Chines, Peter S.; Collins, Francis S.; Crawford, Dana C.; Adrienne Cupples, L.; Cusi, Daniele; Danesh, John; de Faire, Ulf; den Ruijter, Hester M.; Dominiczak, Anna F.; Erbel, Raimund; Erdmann, Jeanette; Eriksson, Johan G.; Farrall, Martin; Felix, Stephan B.; Ferrannini, Ele; Ferrieres, Jean; Ford, Ian; Forouhi, Nita G.; Forrester, Terrence; Franco, Oscar H.; Gansevoort, Ron T.; Gejman, Pablo V.; Gieger, Christian; Gottesman, Omri; Gudnason, Vilmundur G.; Gyllensten, Ulf; Hall, Alistair S.; Harris, Tamara B.; Hattersley, Andrew T.; Hicks, Andrew A.; Hindorff, Lucia A.; Hingorani, Aroon D.; Hofman, Albert; Homuth, Georg; Kees Hovingh, G.; Humphries, Steve E.; Hunt, Steven C.; Hypponen, Elina; Illig, Thomas; Jacobs, Kevin B.; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Jockel, Karl-Heinz; Johansen, Berit; Jousilahti, Pekka; Wouter Jukema, J.; Jula, Antti M.; Kaprio, Jaakko; Kastelein, John J. P.; Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka M.; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Knekt, Paul; Kooner, Jaspal S.; Kooperberg, Charles L.; Kovacs, Peter; Kraja, Aldi T.; Kumari, Meena; Kuusisto, Johanna; Lakka, Timo A.; Langenberg, Claudia; Le Marchand, Loic; Lehtimaki, Terho; Lyssenko, Valeriya; Mannisto, Satu; Marette, Andre; Matise, Tara C.; McKenzie, Colin A.; McKnight, Barbara; Moll, Frans L.; Morris, Andrew D.; Morris, Andrew P.; Murray, Jeffrey C.; Nelis, Mari; Ohlsson, Claes; Oldehinkel, Albertine J.; Ong, Ken K.; Madden, Pamela A. F.; Pasterkamp, Gerard; Peden, John F.; Peters, Annette; Postma, Dirkje S.; Pramstaller, Peter P.; Price, Jackie F.; Qi, Lu; Raitakari, Olli T.; Rankinen, Tuomo; Rao, Dabeeru C.; Rice, Treva K.; Ridker, Paul M.; Rioux, John D.; Ritchie, Marylyn D.; Rudan, Igor; Salomaa, Veikko; Samani, Nilesh J.; Saramies, Jouko; Sarzynski, Mark A.; Schunkert, Heribert; Schwarz, Peter E. H.; Sever, Peter; Shuldiner, Alan R.; Sinisalo, Juha; Stolk, Ronald P.; Strauch, Konstantin; Tonjes, Anke; Tregouet, David-Alexandre; Tremblay, Angelo; Tremoli, Elena; Virtamo, Jarmo; Vohl, Marie-Claude; Volker, Uwe; Waeber, Gerard; Willemsen, Gonneke; Witteman, Jacqueline C.; Carola Zillikens, M.; Adair, Linda S.; Amouyel, Philippe; Asselbergs, Folkert W.; Assimes, Themistocles L.; Bochud, Murielle; Boehm, Bernhard O.; Boerwinkle, Eric; Bornstein, Stefan R.; Bottinger, Erwin P.; Bouchard, Claude; Cauchi, Stephane; Chambers, John C.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Cooper, Richard S.; de Bakker, Paul I. W.; Dedoussis, George; Ferrucci, Luigi; Franks, Paul W.; Froguel, Philippe; Groop, Leif C.; Haiman, Christopher A.; Hamsten, Anders; Hui, Jennie; Hunter, David J.; Hveem, Kristian; Kaplan, Robert C.; Kivimaki, Mika; Kuh, Diana; Laakso, Markku; Liu, Yongmei; Martin, Nicholas G.; Marz, Winfried; Melbye, Mads; Metspalu, Andres; Moebus, Susanne; Munroe, Patricia B.; Njolstad, Inger; Oostra, Ben A.; Palmer, Colin N. A.; Pedersen, Nancy L.; Perola, Markus; Perusse, Louis; Peters, Ulrike; Power, Chris; Quertermous, Thomas; Rauramaa, Rainer; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Saaristo, Timo E.; Saleheen, Danish; Sattar, Naveed; Schadt, Eric E.; Schlessinger, David; Slagboom, P. Eline; Snieder, Harold; Spector, Tim D.; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Stumvoll, Michael; Tuomilehto, Jaakko; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Uusitupa, Matti; van der Harst, Pim; Walker, Mark; Wallaschofski, Henri; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Watkins, Hugh; Weir, David R.; Wichmann, H. Erich; Wilson, James F.; Zanen, Pieter; Borecki, Ingrid B.; Deloukas, Panos; Fox, Caroline S.; Heid, Iris M.; O'Connell, Jeffrey R.; Strachan, David P.; Stefansson, Kari; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Abecasis, Goncalo R.; Franke, Lude; Frayling, Timothy M.; McCarthy, Mark I.; Visscher, Peter M.; Scherag, Andre; Willer, Cristen J.; Boehnke, Michael; Mohlke, Karen L.; Lindgren, Cecilia M.; Beckmann, Jacques S.; Barroso, Ines; North, Kari E.; Ingelsson, Erik; Hirschhorn, Joel N.; Loos, Ruth J. F.; & Speliotes, Elizabeth K. (2015). Genetic Studies of Body Mass Index Yield New Insights for Obesity Biology. Nature, 518(7538), 197-206. PMCID: PMC4382211

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Obesity is heritable and predisposes to many diseases. To understand the genetic basis of obesity better, here we conduct a genome-wide association study and Metabochip meta-analysis of body mass index (BMI), a measure commonly used to define obesity and assess adiposity, in up to 339,224 individuals. This analysis identifies 97 BMI-associated loci (P < 5 [times] 10-8), 56 of which are novel. Five loci demonstrate clear evidence of several independent association signals, and many loci have significant effects on other metabolic phenotypes. The 97 loci account for [sim]2.7% of BMI variation, and genome-wide estimates suggest that common variation accounts for >20% of BMI variation. Pathway analyses provide strong support for a role of the central nervous system in obesity susceptibility and implicate new genes and pathways, including those related to synaptic function, glutamate signalling, insulin secretion/action, energy metabolism, lipid biology and adipogenesis.


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Locke, Adam E.
Kahali, Bratati
Berndt, Sonja I.
Justice, Anne E.
Pers, Tune H.
Day, Felix R.
Powell, Corey
Vedantam, Sailaja
Buchkovich, Martin L.
Yang, Jian
Croteau-Chonka, Damien C.
Esko, Tonu
Fall, Tove
Ferreira, Teresa
Gustafsson, Stefan
Kutalik, Zoltan
Luan, Jian 'an
Magi, Reedik
Randall, Joshua C.
Winkler, Thomas W.
Wood, Andrew R.
Workalemahu, Tsegaselassie
Faul, Jessica D.
Smith, Jennifer A.
Hua Zhao, Jing
Zhao, Wei
Chen, Jin
Fehrmann, Rudolf
Hedman, Asa K.
Karjalainen, Juha
Schmidt, Ellen M.
Absher, Devin M.
Amin, Najaf
Anderson, Denise
Beekman, Marian
Bolton, Jennifer L.
Bragg-Gresham, Jennifer L.
Buyske, Steven
Demirkan, Ayse
Deng, Guohong
Ehret, Georg B.
Feenstra, Bjarke
Feitosa, Mary F.
Fischer, Krista
Goel, Anuj
Gong, Jian
Jackson, Anne U.
Kanoni, Stavroula
Kleber, Marcus E.
Kristiansson, Kati
Lim, Unhee
Lotay, Vaneet
Mangino, Massimo
Mateo Leach, Irene
Medina-Gomez, Carolina
Medland, Sarah E.
Nalls, Michael A.
Palmer, Cameron D.
Pasko, Dorota
Pechlivanis, Sonali
Peters, Marjolein J.
Prokopenko, Inga
Shungin, Dmitry
Stancakova, Alena
Strawbridge, Rona J.
Ju Sung, Yun
Tanaka, Toshiko
Teumer, Alexander
Trompet, Stella
van der Laan, Sander W.
van Setten, Jessica
Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Jana V.
Wang, Zhaoming
Yengo, Loic
Zhang, Weihua
Isaacs, Aaron J.
Albrecht, Eva
Arnlov, Johan
Arscott, Gillian M.
Attwood, Antony P.
Bandinelli, Stefania
Barrett, Amy
Bas, Isabelita N.
Bellis, Claire
Bennett, Amanda J.
Berne, Christian
Blagieva, Roza
Bluher, Matthias
Bohringer, Stefan
Bonnycastle, Lori L.
Bottcher, Yvonne
Boyd, Heather A.
Bruinenberg, Marcel
Caspersen, Ida H.
Chen, Yii-Der Ida
Clarke, Robert
Warwick Daw, E.
de Craen, Antonius J. M.
Delgado, Graciela
Dimitriou, Maria
Doney, Alex S. F.
Eklund, Niina
Estrada, Karol
Eury, Elodie
Folkersen, Lasse
Fraser, Ross M.
Garcia, Melissa E.
Geller, Frank
Giedraitis, Vilmantas
Gigante, Bruna
Go, Alan S.
Golay, Alain
Goodall, Alison H.
Gordon, Scott D.
Gorski, Mathias
Grabe, Hans-Jorgen
Grallert, Harald
Grammer, Tanja B.
Graszler, Jurgen
Gronberg, Henrik
Groves, Christopher J.
Gusto, Gaelle
Haessler, Jeffrey
Hall, Per
Haller, Toomas
Hallmans, Goran
Hartman, Catharina A.
Hassinen, Maija
Hayward, Caroline
Heard-Costa, Nancy L.
Helmer, Quinta
Hengstenberg, Christian
Holmen, Oddgeir
Hottenga, Jouke-Jan
James, Alan L.
Jeff, Janina M.
Johansson, Asa
Jolley, Jennifer
Juliusdottir, Thorhildur
Kinnunen, Leena
Koenig, Wolfgang
Koskenvuo, Markku
Kratzer, Wolfgang
Laitinen, Jaana
Lamina, Claudia
Leander, Karin
Lee, Nanette R.
Lichtner, Peter
Lind, Lars
Lindstrom, Jaana
Sin Lo, Ken
Lobbens, Stephane
Lorbeer, Roberto
Lu, Yingchang
Mach, Francois
Magnusson, Patrik K. E.
Mahajan, Anubha
McArdle, Wendy L.
McLachlan, Stela
Menni, Cristina
Merger, Sigrun
Mihailov, Evelin
Milani, Lili
Moayyeri, Alireza
Monda, Keri L.
Morken, Mario A.
Mulas, Antonella
Muller, Gabriele
Muller-Nurasyid, Martina
Musk, Arthur W.
Nagaraja, Ramaiah
Nothen, Markus M.
Nolte, Ilja M.
Pilz, Stefan
Rayner, Nigel W.
Renström, Frida
Rettig, Rainer
Ried, Janina S.
Ripke, Stephan
Robertson, Neil R.
Rose, Lynda M.
Sanna, Serena
Scharnagl, Hubert
Scholtens, Salome
Schumacher, Fredrick R.
Scott, William R.
Seufferlein, Thomas
Shi, Jianxin
Vernon Smith, Albert
Smolonska, Joanna
Stanton, Alice V.
Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur
Stirrups, Kathleen E.
Stringham, Heather M.
Sundstrom, Johan
Swertz, Morris A.
Swift, Amy J.
Syvanen, Ann-Christine
Tan, Sian-Tsung
Tayo, Bamidele O.
Thorand, Barbara
Thorleifsson, Gudmar
Tyrer, Jonathan P.
Uh, Hae-Won
Vandenput, Liesbeth
Verhulst, Frank C.
Vermeulen, Sita H.
Verweij, Niek
Vonk, Judith M.
Waite, Lindsay L.
Warren, Helen R.
Waterworth, Dawn
Weedon, Michael N.
Wilkens, Lynne R.
Willenborg, Christina
Wilsgaard, Tom
Wojczynski, Mary K.
Wong, Andrew
Wright, Alan F.
Zhang, Qunyuan
The LifeLines Cohort Study
Brennan, Eoin P.
Choi, Murim
Dastani, Zari
Drong, Alexander W.
Eriksson, Per
Franco-Cereceda, Anders
Gadin, Jesper R.
Gharavi, Ali G.
Goddard, Michael E.
Handsaker, Robert E.
Huang, Jinyan
Karpe, Fredrik
Kathiresan, Sekar
Keildson, Sarah
Kiryluk, Krzysztof
Kubo, Michiaki
Lee, Jong-Young
Liang, Liming
Lifton, Richard P.
Ma, Baoshan
McCarroll, Steven A.
McKnight, Amy J.
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Moffatt, Miriam F.
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Murabito, Joanne M.
Nicholson, George
Nyholt, Dale R.
Okada, Yukinori
Perry, John R. B.
Dorajoo, Rajkumar
Reinmaa, Eva
Salem, Rany M.
Sandholm, Niina
Scott, Robert A.
Stolk, Lisette
Takahashi, Atsushi
Tanaka, Toshihiro
van't Hooft, Ferdinand M.
Vinkhuyzen, Anna A. E.
Westra, Harm-Jan
Zheng, Wei
Zondervan, Krina T.
The ADIPOGen Consortium
The AGEN-BMI Working Group
The CARDIOGRAMplusC4D Consortium
The CKDGen Consortium
The GLGC
The ICBP
The MAGIC Investigators
The MuTHER Consortium
The MIGen Consortium
The PAGE Consortium
The ReproGen Consortium
The GENIE Consortium
The International Endogene Consortium
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Arveiler, Dominique
Bakker, Stephan J. L.
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Bergman, Richard N.
Blangero, John
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Campbell, Harry
Caulfield, Mark J.
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Chakravarti, Aravinda
Chasman, Daniel I.
Chines, Peter S.
Collins, Francis S.
Crawford, Dana C.
Adrienne Cupples, L.
Cusi, Daniele
Danesh, John
de Faire, Ulf
den Ruijter, Hester M.
Dominiczak, Anna F.
Erbel, Raimund
Erdmann, Jeanette
Eriksson, Johan G.
Farrall, Martin
Felix, Stephan B.
Ferrannini, Ele
Ferrieres, Jean
Ford, Ian
Forouhi, Nita G.
Forrester, Terrence
Franco, Oscar H.
Gansevoort, Ron T.
Gejman, Pablo V.
Gieger, Christian
Gottesman, Omri
Gudnason, Vilmundur G.
Gyllensten, Ulf
Hall, Alistair S.
Harris, Tamara B.
Hattersley, Andrew T.
Hicks, Andrew A.
Hindorff, Lucia A.
Hingorani, Aroon D.
Hofman, Albert
Homuth, Georg
Kees Hovingh, G.
Humphries, Steve E.
Hunt, Steven C.
Hypponen, Elina
Illig, Thomas
Jacobs, Kevin B.
Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta
Jockel, Karl-Heinz
Johansen, Berit
Jousilahti, Pekka
Wouter Jukema, J.
Jula, Antti M.
Kaprio, Jaakko
Kastelein, John J. P.
Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka M.
Kiemeney, Lambertus A.
Knekt, Paul
Kooner, Jaspal S.
Kooperberg, Charles L.
Kovacs, Peter
Kraja, Aldi T.
Kumari, Meena
Kuusisto, Johanna
Lakka, Timo A.
Langenberg, Claudia
Le Marchand, Loic
Lehtimaki, Terho
Lyssenko, Valeriya
Mannisto, Satu
Marette, Andre
Matise, Tara C.
McKenzie, Colin A.
McKnight, Barbara
Moll, Frans L.
Morris, Andrew D.
Morris, Andrew P.
Murray, Jeffrey C.
Nelis, Mari
Ohlsson, Claes
Oldehinkel, Albertine J.
Ong, Ken K.
Madden, Pamela A. F.
Pasterkamp, Gerard
Peden, John F.
Peters, Annette
Postma, Dirkje S.
Pramstaller, Peter P.
Price, Jackie F.
Qi, Lu
Raitakari, Olli T.
Rankinen, Tuomo
Rao, Dabeeru C.
Rice, Treva K.
Ridker, Paul M.
Rioux, John D.
Ritchie, Marylyn D.
Rudan, Igor
Salomaa, Veikko
Samani, Nilesh J.
Saramies, Jouko
Sarzynski, Mark A.
Schunkert, Heribert
Schwarz, Peter E. H.
Sever, Peter
Shuldiner, Alan R.
Sinisalo, Juha
Stolk, Ronald P.
Strauch, Konstantin
Tonjes, Anke
Tregouet, David-Alexandre
Tremblay, Angelo
Tremoli, Elena
Virtamo, Jarmo
Vohl, Marie-Claude
Volker, Uwe
Waeber, Gerard
Willemsen, Gonneke
Witteman, Jacqueline C.
Carola Zillikens, M.
Adair, Linda S.
Amouyel, Philippe
Asselbergs, Folkert W.
Assimes, Themistocles L.
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Boehm, Bernhard O.
Boerwinkle, Eric
Bornstein, Stefan R.
Bottinger, Erwin P.
Bouchard, Claude
Cauchi, Stephane
Chambers, John C.
Chanock, Stephen J.
Cooper, Richard S.
de Bakker, Paul I. W.
Dedoussis, George
Ferrucci, Luigi
Franks, Paul W.
Froguel, Philippe
Groop, Leif C.
Haiman, Christopher A.
Hamsten, Anders
Hui, Jennie
Hunter, David J.
Hveem, Kristian
Kaplan, Robert C.
Kivimaki, Mika
Kuh, Diana
Laakso, Markku
Liu, Yongmei
Martin, Nicholas G.
Marz, Winfried
Melbye, Mads
Metspalu, Andres
Moebus, Susanne
Munroe, Patricia B.
Njolstad, Inger
Oostra, Ben A.
Palmer, Colin N. A.
Pedersen, Nancy L.
Perola, Markus
Perusse, Louis
Peters, Ulrike
Power, Chris
Quertermous, Thomas
Rauramaa, Rainer
Rivadeneira, Fernando
Saaristo, Timo E.
Saleheen, Danish
Sattar, Naveed
Schadt, Eric E.
Schlessinger, David
Slagboom, P. Eline
Snieder, Harold
Spector, Tim D.
Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur
Stumvoll, Michael
Tuomilehto, Jaakko
Uitterlinden, Andre G.
Uusitupa, Matti
van der Harst, Pim
Walker, Mark
Wallaschofski, Henri
Wareham, Nicholas J.
Watkins, Hugh
Weir, David R.
Wichmann, H. Erich
Wilson, James F.
Zanen, Pieter
Borecki, Ingrid B.
Deloukas, Panos
Fox, Caroline S.
Heid, Iris M.
O'Connell, Jeffrey R.
Strachan, David P.
Stefansson, Kari
van Duijn, Cornelia M.
Abecasis, Goncalo R.
Franke, Lude
Frayling, Timothy M.
McCarthy, Mark I.
Visscher, Peter M.
Scherag, Andre
Willer, Cristen J.
Boehnke, Michael
Mohlke, Karen L.
Lindgren, Cecilia M.
Beckmann, Jacques S.
Barroso, Ines
North, Kari E.
Ingelsson, Erik
Hirschhorn, Joel N.
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Speliotes, Elizabeth K.



2015


Nature

518

7538

197-206








PMC4382211


8853

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