Changing Spatial Patterns and Increasing Rurality of HIV Prevalence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 2007 and 2013

Carrel, Margaret A.; Janko, Mark M.; Mwandagalirwa, Melchior Kashamuka; Morgan, Camille; Fwamba, Franck; Muwonga, Jeremie; Tshefu, Antoinette K.; Meshnick, Steven R.; & Emch, Michael E. (2016). Changing Spatial Patterns and Increasing Rurality of HIV Prevalence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 2007 and 2013. Health & Place, 39, 79-85. PMCID: PMC4874876

Carrel, Margaret A.; Janko, Mark M.; Mwandagalirwa, Melchior Kashamuka; Morgan, Camille; Fwamba, Franck; Muwonga, Jeremie; Tshefu, Antoinette K.; Meshnick, Steven R.; & Emch, Michael E. (2016). Changing Spatial Patterns and Increasing Rurality of HIV Prevalence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 2007 and 2013. Health & Place, 39, 79-85. PMCID: PMC4874876

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The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has one of the lowest HIV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa, estimated at 1.1% [0.9-1.3] of adults aged 15-49 in 2013 (UNAIDS). Within the 2 million km2 country, however, there exists spatial variation in HIV prevalence, with the highest HIV prevalence observed in the large cities of Kinshasa and Lubumbashi. Globally, HIV is an increasingly rural disease, diffusing outwards from urban centers of high HIV prevalence to places where HIV was previously absent or present at very low levels. Utilizing data collected during Demographic and Health Surveillance (DHS) in 2007 and 2013 in the DRC, we sought to update the map of HIV prevalence in the DRC as well as to explore whether HIV in the DRC is an increasingly rural disease or remains confined to urban areas. Bayesian kriging and regression indicate that HIV prevalence in rural areas of the DRC is higher in 2013 than in 2007 and that increased distance to an urban area is no longer protective against HIV as it was in 2007. These findings suggest that HIV education, testing and prevention efforts need to diffuse from urban to rural areas just as HIV is doing.




JOUR



Carrel, Margaret A.
Janko, Mark M.
Mwandagalirwa, Melchior Kashamuka
Morgan, Camille
Fwamba, Franck
Muwonga, Jeremie
Tshefu, Antoinette K.
Meshnick, Steven R.
Emch, Michael E.



2016


Health & Place

39


79-85








PMC4874876


9376

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