Neighborhood Sociodemographics and Change in Built Infrastructure

Hirsch, Jana A.; Green, Geoffrey F.; Peterson, Marc; Rodriguez, Daniel A.; & Gordon-Larsen, Penny. (2017). Neighborhood Sociodemographics and Change in Built Infrastructure. Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability, 10(2), 181-97. PMCID: PMC5353850

Hirsch, Jana A.; Green, Geoffrey F.; Peterson, Marc; Rodriguez, Daniel A.; & Gordon-Larsen, Penny. (2017). Neighborhood Sociodemographics and Change in Built Infrastructure. Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability, 10(2), 181-97. PMCID: PMC5353850

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While increasing evidence suggests an association between physical infrastructure in neighbourhoods and health outcomes, relatively little research examines how neighbourhoods change physically over time and how these physical improvements are spatially distributed across populations. This paper describes the change over 25 years (1985-2010) in bicycle lanes, off-road trails, bus transit service, and parks, and spatial clusters of changes in these domains relative to neighbourhood sociodemographics in four U.S. cities that are diverse in terms of geography, size and population. Across all four cities, we identified increases in bicycle lanes, off-road trails, and bus transit service, with spatial clustering in these changes that related to neighbourhood sociodemographics. Overall, we found evidence of positive changes in physical infrastructure commonly identified as supportive of physical activity. However, the patterning of infrastructure change by sociodemographic change encourages attention to the equity in infrastructure improvements across neighbourhoods.




JOUR



Hirsch, Jana A.
Green, Geoffrey F.
Peterson, Marc
Rodriguez, Daniel A.
Gordon-Larsen, Penny



2017


Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability

10

2

181-97








PMC5353850


9499

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