Deriving a GPS Monitoring Time Recommendation for Physical Activity Studies of Adults

Holliday, Katelyn M.; Howard, Annie Green; Emch, Michael E.; Rodriguez, Daniel A.; Rosamond, Wayne D.; & Evenson, Kelly R. (2017). Deriving a GPS Monitoring Time Recommendation for Physical Activity Studies of Adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49(5), 939-47. PMCID: PMC5392135

Holliday, Katelyn M.; Howard, Annie Green; Emch, Michael E.; Rodriguez, Daniel A.; Rosamond, Wayne D.; & Evenson, Kelly R. (2017). Deriving a GPS Monitoring Time Recommendation for Physical Activity Studies of Adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49(5), 939-47. PMCID: PMC5392135

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INTRODUCTION: Determining locations of physical activity (PA) is important for surveillance and intervention development, yet recommendations for using location recording tools like Geographic Positioning System (GPS) units are lacking. Specifically, no recommendation exists for the number of days study participants should wear a GPS to reliably estimate PA time spent in locations. METHODS: This study used data from participants (N=224, age 18-85) in five states who concurrently wore an ActiGraph GT1M accelerometer and a Qstarz BT-Q1000X GPS for three consecutive weeks to construct monitoring day recommendations through variance partitioning methods. PA bouts >/=10 minutes were constructed from accelerometer counts and location of GPS points was determined using a hand-coding protocol. RESULTS: Monitoring day recommendations varied by the type of location (e.g. participant homes versus parks) and the intensity of PA bouts considered (low and medium cut-point moderate to vigorous (MVPA) bouts or high cut-point vigorous (VPA) bouts). In general, minutes of all PA intensities spent in a given location could be measured with >/=80% reliability using 1-3 days of GPS monitoring for fitness facilities, schools, and footpaths. MVPA bout minutes in parks and roads required longer monitoring periods of 5-12 days. PA in homes and commercial areas required >19 days of monitoring. CONCLUSIONS: Twelve days of monitoring was found to reliably estimate minutes in both low and medium threshold MVPA as well as VPA bouts for many important built environment locations that can be targeted to increase PA at the population level. Minutes of PA in the home environment and commercial locations may be best assessed through other means given the lengthy estimated monitoring time required.




JOUR



Holliday, Katelyn M.
Howard, Annie Green
Emch, Michael E.
Rodriguez, Daniel A.
Rosamond, Wayne D.
Evenson, Kelly R.



2017


Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

49

5

939-47








PMC5392135


9919

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