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Geographic Information Systems

MEASURE Evaluation provides guidance and technical assistance in using and adapting geographic information systems to governments, NGOs, and other decision makers around the world.

Geographic Information Systems
Data Source: Revising the Costed National MVC Programme, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, 2007

Without geographic context, there is a critical blind spot in health systems. For instance, statistics on frequency of prenatal care and attended births are more informative when linked to communities. Data on new HIV infections are more valuable when mapped by location. And nutrition and food insecurity trends are more fully understood in relation to geography. Geographic information systems (GIS) can fill in this blind spot and provide a textured picture of public health that enables decision makers to target resources, better address health equity, and work towards stronger overall health system performance.

MEASURE Evaluation promotes the use of geospatial tools such as GIS to provide a more complete understanding of health in a community. A key capability of GIS is its ability to use the underlying geography to enable the linking of data from multiple sources. This can result in a richer comprehension of the story that the data can tell and can lead to a corresponding increase in demand and use of data. By thinking spatially, program managers can identify trends that could be difficult or impossible to detect on spreadsheets or in official reports. By thinking spatially, they can increase their ability to identify at-risk or neglected populations.

For example, fulfilling USAID’s goals for Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths (EPCMD) can be greatly facilitated with GIS tools. The initiative’s goals to focus in countries that have the largest share of deaths, to reach the most underserved groups, and to pilot innovative interventions that can be brought to scale can be achieved more effectively through GIS mapping tools. 

MEASURE Evaluation promotes the use of GIS and spatial data through: