Add Health research featured in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Add Health Study: Long-term effects of birth weight and breastfeeding duration on inflammation in early adulthood
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a research team from Northwestern University, Washington University in St. Louis, and the University of California-Irvine studied the effect of birth weight and breastfeeding on early adulthood inflammation. The research team of Thomas W. McDade, Molly W. Metzger, Laura Chyu, Greg J. Duncan, Craig Garfield, and Emma K. Adam assessed birth weight and length of breastfeeding as predictors of C-reactive protein (an inflammation biomarker) in adults aged 24-32. They found that C-reactive protein concentrations were lower among breastfed individuals than individuals not breastfed, and that the longer an individual was breastfed, the lower their CRP concentration was in young adulthood. The authors also reported that for birth weights of 2.8 kg and higher, birth weight was negatively associated with C-reactive protein in young adulthood.
Add Health Study: A longitudinal study of paternal mental health during transition to fatherhood as young adults
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a research team from Northwestern University, University of California-Irvine, and Boston College, studied the effect of fatherhood on paternal mental health. The research team of Craig F. Garfield, Greg Duncan, Joshua Rutsohn, Thomas W. McDade, Emma K. Adam, Rebekah Levine Coley, and P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, analyzed depressive symptoms among three groups of young adult men, nonfathers, nonresident fathers, and resident fathers. They found that depressive symptoms are highest for resident fathers and lowest for nonfathers in this age group.
Bring your brown bag lunch and join us for the monthly Add Health Data Users Seminar.
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill observed the apparent occurrence of virgin pregnancy and birth. The research team of Amy H. Herring, Samantha M. Attard, Penny Gordon-Larsen, and Carolyn T. Halpern, with the assistance of Reverend William H. Joyner, analyzed self-reports of pregnancy and sexual initiation. They found that 36 young women who consistently reported having never had sexual intercourse also reported giving birth during the same period. Such “virgin births” were associated with signing chastity pledges and absent or poor parental communication about sex and birth control.
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, researchers from the University of California Berkeley have discovered a connection between adolescent bedtime and young adult academic performance and emotional distress.
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, researchers from Northwestern University and McGill University have discovered a connection between household financial debt and poor physical and mental health.
Genetic Sensitivity to Peer Behaviors: 5HTTLPR, Smoking and Alcohol Consumption. Daw J, Shanahan M, Harris KM, Smolen A, Haberstick B, Boardman JD. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 2013;54(1):92-108.
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, researchers who presented their findings at the annual SLEEP 2013 conference have discovered a connection between adolescent sleep patterns and dietary habits.
Add Health Study: The Impact of Parental Incarceration on the Physical and Mental Health of Young Adults
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have discovered some of the long-term negative physical and mental health effects of parental incarceration on children.
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, researchers at Cornell University and Boston University report the negative effect that teen dating violence victimization has on both male and female victims’ health as young adults.
Health Insurance Access and Counseling Receipt and their Association with Later Depressive and Suicidal Symptoms: New Child Trends Research Brief Released
A new Child Trends brief uses data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) to explore the relationship between counseling and insurance access during adolescence, and reports of depression or suicidality during young adulthood.
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, researchers at University College London and the University of Warwick (England) have discovered that positive affect in adolescence and life satisfaction in early adulthood, predict future earnings.
Using school, network and genetic data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, researchers at the University of Colorado and Yale University studied the effects of social environment and genetic factors on friendship selection, adding to the growing body of research on the role of genetic homophily in friendship formation. Their results suggest that social context plays a fundamental role in friendship formation, as a social environment can facilitate or restrict the opportunity to select friends with similar genotypes.
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, researchers at Harvard University and the University of California, San Diego have found that adolescent drinking and drug use are influenced by the parenting style of their friends’ mothers. Adolescents in social networks that include a friend whose mother practices authoritative parenting face a lower risk of substance abuse than adolescents in social networks that don’t include a friend with an authoritative mother.
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, UNC researchers have found that women who are overweight or obese years before becoming pregnant deliver babies with a higher birth weight, putting the next generation at a higher risk of obesity-related health outcomes.
Online registration is now open. Please join us July 26-27 in Bethesda, Maryland for the tenth Add Health Users Conference.