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Longitudinal Trajectory of the Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Substance Use From Adolescence to Young Adulthood

Lee, Chung Gun; Seo, Dong-Chul; Torabi, Mohammad R.; Lohrmann, David K.; & Song, Tae Min. (2018). Longitudinal Trajectory of the Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Substance Use From Adolescence to Young Adulthood. Journal of School Health, 88(1), 9-14.

Lee, Chung Gun; Seo, Dong-Chul; Torabi, Mohammad R.; Lohrmann, David K.; & Song, Tae Min. (2018). Longitudinal Trajectory of the Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Substance Use From Adolescence to Young Adulthood. Journal of School Health, 88(1), 9-14.

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BACKGROUND: We examined the longitudinal trajectory of substance use (binge drinking, marijuana use, and cocaine use) in relation to self-esteem from adolescence to young adulthood. METHODS: Generalized estimating equation models were fit using SAS to investigate changes in the relation between self-esteem and each substance use (binge drinking, marijuana use, and cocaine use) from adolescence to young adulthood. Data were drawn from the 3 waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a nationally representative sample of middle and high school students in the United States (N = 6504). RESULTS: Self-esteem was a significant predictor for the use of all 3 substances at 15 years of age (ps < .001). However, at age 21, self-esteem no longer predicted binge drinking and marijuana use in the controlled model. CONCLUSIONS: It appears that self-esteem loses its protective role against substance use except cocaine use as adolescents transition to young adulthood.


self-esteem
substance use
adolescents
young adults


JOUR



Lee, Chung Gun
Seo, Dong-Chul
Torabi, Mohammad R.
Lohrmann, David K.
Song, Tae Min



2018


Journal of School Health

88

1

9-14


December 10, 2017




1746-1561

10.1111/josh.12574



7231