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Infant Care Project Research Design

This five-year study involved two phases. In the first phase (2002–2003), investigators conducted ethnographic research to identify culture-specific parenting and feeding styles, as well as household, community, and other contextual factors that may influence infant health in this population. This phase helped define specific indicators related to an ecological model and develop appropriate study instruments. A major accomplishment of this phase was the development of the Infant Feeding Styles Questionnaire. Based on ethnographic data obtained from in-depth interviews, this instrument was developed to capture various infant feeding beliefs and behaviors specific to the study population.

A longitudinal, observational study of 217 mother-infant pairs was conducted in the second phase (2003–2007). This phase was designed to identify the constellation of household, caregiver, and child characteristics associated with infant health outcomes. Infants were followed at 3, 6, 9, 12, and 18 months through assessments in their home environments. Data collection for this phase was completed in August 2007.


The project is funded by the National Institutes of Health/NICHD on grant number 5 R01 HD042219-02 for the period 04/05/2002–03/31/2007.