The Growth and Protection Impacts of Zimbabwe's Social Cash Transfer Program

This project evaluates the impact of the Government of Zimbabwe’s Social Cash Transfer (SCT) Program, which is targeted toward ultra-poor households with orphans and vulnerable children. The first aim is to investigate the economic impact of the SCT on target households and the local community. At the household level key indicators include farm and non-farm economic activity: input use and crop and livestock production. The second aim is to assess the impact on HIV risk, child protection, and human capital. The research team is capturing HIV-related risk through sexual activity, condom use, transactional and forced sex, and partner characteristics. Child protection is being measured through psycho+E49social status, marriage, pregnancy, and physical abuse, particularly violence against women, which is a national concern. Human capital includes school enrollment, attainment, repetition, labor force participation, and physical health. The study design is a social experiment made possible by the phased expansion of the SCT over the next few years. In collaboration with the implementation agency, the research team randomly selects districts to be included in the evaluation sample from the list of all program-eligible districts. From these districts, wards are randomly assigned to either treatment or ‘delayed-treatment’ control status. The research team will interview 1,500 households in each arm, and will conduct baseline and two post-intervention follow-ups at 12 and 24 months.

Principal Investigator: Sudhanshu (Ashu) Handa

CPC Fellow Investigator: Gustavo Angeles

Funding Source: 3ie

Grant Number: TW1.1027

Funding Period: 8/1/2012 - 8/30/2017

Primary Research Area: Population Health

Affiliated Research Project:

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