Spanish Language Use across Generations and Depressive Symptoms among US Latinos

Ward, Julia B.; Vines, Anissa I.; Haan, Mary N.; Fernandez-Rhodes, Lindsay; Miller, Erline E.; & Aiello, Allison E. (Forthcoming). Spanish Language Use across Generations and Depressive Symptoms among US Latinos. Child Psychiatry and Human Development.

Ward, Julia B.; Vines, Anissa I.; Haan, Mary N.; Fernandez-Rhodes, Lindsay; Miller, Erline E.; & Aiello, Allison E. (Forthcoming). Spanish Language Use across Generations and Depressive Symptoms among US Latinos. Child Psychiatry and Human Development.

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Acculturation markers, such as language use, have been associated with Latino depression. Language use may change between generations; however, few studies have collected intergenerational data to assess how language differences between generations impact depression. Using the Ninos Lifestyle and Diabetes Study (2013-2014), we assessed how changes in Spanish language use across two generations of Mexican-origin participants in Sacramento, California, influenced offspring depressive symptoms (N = 603). High depressive symptoms were defined as CESD-10 scores >/= 10. We used log-binomial and linear-binomial models to calculate prevalence ratios and differences, respectively, for depressive symptoms by language use, adjusting for identified confounders and within-family clustering. Decreased Spanish use and stable-equal English/Spanish use across generations protected against depressive symptoms, compared to stable-high Spanish use. Stable-low Spanish use was not associated with fewer depressive symptoms compared to stable-high Spanish use. Exposure to multiple languages cross-generationally may improve resource access and social networks that protect against depression.




JOUR



Ward, Julia B.
Vines, Anissa I.
Haan, Mary N.
Fernandez-Rhodes, Lindsay
Miller, Erline E.
Aiello, Allison E.



Forthcoming


Child Psychiatry and Human Development













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