Cognitive Interviews to Improve a Patient-Centered Contraceptive Effectiveness Poster

Anderson, Seri Link; Barry, Megan; Frerichs, Leah; Wheeler, Stephanie B.; Halpern, Carolyn Tucker; Kaysin, Alexander; & Hassmiller Lich, Kristen. (2018). Cognitive Interviews to Improve a Patient-Centered Contraceptive Effectiveness Poster. Contraception, 98(6), 528-34. NIHMSID: NIHMS1017508

Anderson, Seri Link; Barry, Megan; Frerichs, Leah; Wheeler, Stephanie B.; Halpern, Carolyn Tucker; Kaysin, Alexander; & Hassmiller Lich, Kristen. (2018). Cognitive Interviews to Improve a Patient-Centered Contraceptive Effectiveness Poster. Contraception, 98(6), 528-34. NIHMSID: NIHMS1017508

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OBJECTIVES: To refine the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s contraceptive education poster using patient-centered design. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted cognitive interviews with 26 women aged 18-44 living in North Carolina who spoke and read English and had ever had sex. We interviewed women about both a CDC and a patient-centered poster in alternating order. Participants were contraceptive users and non-users that we selected purposively to have a range of characteristics that might influence their perspective: age, race/ethnicity, previous births and pregnancies, contraceptive method(s) used in the past three months, pregnancy intentions, and numeracy. The initial response rate for participants was 55%. We used cognitive theory to code interviews for comprehension, relevance, and acceptability, as well as design and overall preference. We structured the 26 interviews into four rounds and revised the patient-centered poster after each round to improve these measures. RESULTS: By the final round, 83% of women preferred the patient-centered poster. The majority of women favored this poster's relevance (86%), and design (100%) and ease of comprehension (86%). Women raised few concerns about the acceptability of the final version of the patient-centered poster. Women identified many issues with both posters that the researchers did not anticipate, highlighting the value of patient-centered design approaches to educational materials. CONCLUSIONS: This study refined a patient-centered poster so that its language is clear and it addresses the informational needs of its target audience. IMPLICATIONS: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Office of Population Affairs recommend that clinicians educate women about contraception. This study developed a poster that could help clinicians follow this recommendation. Before widespread implementation, more research is needed to evaluate the poster's impact on contraceptive knowledge and behaviors.




JOUR



Anderson, Seri Link
Barry, Megan
Frerichs, Leah
Wheeler, Stephanie B.
Halpern, Carolyn Tucker
Kaysin, Alexander
Hassmiller Lich, Kristen



2018


Contraception

98

6

528-34









NIHMS1017508

11655

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