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Social exclusion and parental incarceration impacts on adolescents' networks and school engagement

Cochran, Joshua C.; Siennick, Sonja E.; & Mears, Daniel P. (2018). Social exclusion and parental incarceration impacts on adolescents' networks and school engagement. Journal of Marriage and Family, 80(2), 478-498. PMCID: PMC5880045 NIHMSID: NIHMS925131

Cochran, Joshua C.; Siennick, Sonja E.; & Mears, Daniel P. (2018). Social exclusion and parental incarceration impacts on adolescents' networks and school engagement. Journal of Marriage and Family, 80(2), 478-498. PMCID: PMC5880045 NIHMSID: NIHMS925131

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Although prior research links parental incarceration to deleterious outcomes for children during the life course, few studies have examined whether such incarceration affects the social exclusion of children during adolescence. Drawing on several lines of scholarship, the authors examined whether adolescents with incarcerated parents have fewer or lower quality relationships, participate in more antisocial peer networks, and feel less integrated or engaged in school. The study applies propensity score matching to survey and network data from a national sample of youth. Analyses indicated that children with incarcerated parents have more antisocial peers; the authors found limited evidence that parental incarceration adversely impacts peer networks and school integration domains. The results suggest that the impacts of parental incarceration on adolescents' social lives have less to do with isolation than with the types of peers adolescents befriend. Findings provide support for the idea that parental incarceration may adversely affect children's social exclusion.


adolescents
mass incarceration
parental incarceration
peers
social exclusion


JOUR



Cochran, Joshua C.
Siennick, Sonja E.
Mears, Daniel P.



2018


Journal of Marriage and Family

80

2

478-498


January 29, 2018




1741-3737

10.1111/jomf.12464

PMC5880045

NIHMS925131

7372