Current Grants and Contracts

The following is the full list of currently funded research grants and contracts administered by CPC, supported by federal and non-federal agencies and foundations. The project descriptions offer a survey of the multidisciplinary nature of CPC research and its far-reaching influence in the population field.

Center Grants • Research Grants • Training Grants

Center Grants

Principal Investigator(s) Title of Grant/Contract Description Source Grant/Contract Number Project Period
Elizabeth Frankenberg Carolina Population Center This NICHD center infrastructure grant supports the population research and training activities of the Carolina Population Center. NIH NICHD P2CHD050924 7/11/2015 - 8/31/2020
James Thomas Monitoring and Evaluation to Assess and Use Results (MEASURE) Evaluation Phase IV Project MEASURE Evaluation is a $232 million project of the Carolina Population Center and USAID’s flagship project to strengthen capacity in developing countries to gather, interpret, and use data to improve health. We create tools and approaches for rigorous evaluations, providing evidence to address health challenges. And we strengthen health information systems so countries can make better decisions and sustain good health outcomes over time. MEASURE Evaluation is a "leader with associates" cooperative agreement with associate awards in South Africa and Tanzania. USAID AID-OAA-L-14-00004 7/1/2014 - 6/28/2019

Research Grants

Principal Investigator(s) Title of Grant/Contract Description Source Grant/Contract Number Project Period
Kathleen Mullan Harris Add Health Parent Study: Phase I This project launches the first phase of data collection on the Add Health Parent Study (Add Health-PS). The Add Health-PS is an innovative project in which an interdisciplinary team of scientists is gathering and analyzing social, behavioral, and biological data on the parents of the members of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health). Add Health-PS leverages the rich longitudinal data on the original Add Health respondents and a previous interview of their parents to capture, for the first time, biological, genetic and social data on two linked generations. These unique sets of data support the scientific objective of Add Health-PS to study intergenerational linkages in four substantive domains: (1) health, functionality, and health behaviors; (2) cognitive functioning and non-cognitive personality traits; (3) decision-making, expectations, and risk preferences; and (4) family support, relationship quality and ties of obligation. NIH NIA AG042794 4/1/2013 - 6/30/2017
Kathleen Mullan Harris Add Health: A Genotype and Phenotype Resource for the Global Scientific Community The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent [to Adult] Health (Add Health) is completing the genotyping of 6,000 archived samples using genome array technology, resulting in a cohort of approximately 12,000 GWAS results. These data will be made available to the research community, allowing extensive analyses of gene by environment (GxE) interactions using the rich phenotypic data available from four waves of data. NIH NICHD R01HD073342 7/24/2012 - 3/31/2017
Kathleen Mullan Harris, John L. Hagan Holly A. Foster Adolescent and Adult Lives of Children of Parents Returning from Prison This project supports the addition of questions in the Add Health Wave V Survey for the America Bar Association's (ABF) study on parental incarceration. The Add Health Wave V questionnaire will ask respondents whether the respondent's biological mother, biological father and/or parent figures have been incarcerated, the respondent's age when parent was first incarcerated, and the respondent's age when the parent was released most recently. American Bar Association National Science Foundation SES-1535563 9/1/2015 - 8/31/2018
Kathleen Mullan Harris Childhood Family Instability, Adult Stress Reactivity, and Consequences for Health This project contributes to the field by examining the enduring health consequences of childhood exposure to dynamic family structures, a common life experience for today’s children. Findings will further our understanding of the ways in which the social environment “gets under the skin” to influence physiological functioning and biological processes that have consequences for health. NIH NICHD F32HD084117 8/31/2015 - 8/30/2018
Clark Gray Climate, Population Health, and Well-being over Time This project investigates how short- to medium-term climate variability affects population well-being and migration across a wide spectrum of development and urbanization. The project focuses on China over a period of rapid transformation (1989-2014). Social data will be derived from two large-sample longitudinal household surveys that have measured health, economic status, and population mobility across China during this time period. NIH NICHD R03HD083528 0/0/0000 - 0/0/0000
Robert Hummer, Richard G. Rogers (University of Colorado) Early Life Mortality in the United States The goal of this project is to develop a theoretically based fine-grained understanding of early life mortality in the United States in relation to recent changes in racial/ethnic composition and socioeconomic and family structure. NIH NICHD R01HD082106 9/1/2015 - 6/30/2018
Sudhanshu (Ashu) Handa Economic Growth and Risk Reduction in Malawi's Social Cash Transfer Scheme This study is a longitudinal impact evaluation of the Government of Malawi's Social Cash Transfer Program on ultra-poor, labor-constrained households. The study combines quantitative and qualitative research. It includes a baseline evaluation and post-intervention follow-ups at 12 and 24 months. 3ie TW1.1015 8/1/2012 - 12/30/2016
Penny Gordon-Larsen Emergence of Cardiometabolic Risk Across the Lifecycle in China This research develops a full structural model to address complex relationships between diet and activity, weight and waist circumference with blood pressure over 20 years. Findings will further current understanding of the role of broader societal, economic, and environmental contexts in populations at risk. NIH NHLBI R01HL108427 3/1/2012 - 2/28/2017
Penny Gordon-Larsen Environmental Changes and Health Outcomes across 25 Years: Four US Cities The 25-year, longitudinal Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study provides a wide age range and high quality longitudinal, biological, behavioral and anthropometry and biomarker data, geographic diversity, and different patterns and pace of change across the four baseline cities: Birmingham, Chicago, Minneapolis, and Oakland. The research team has developed a unique method to use retrospective and contemporary sources to create data on the timing and placement of introductions, renovations, and closures of: (1) food resources, (2) recreation facilities, and (3) transportation infrastructure in the four cities over a 25-year period. NIH NHLBI R01HL114091 9/1/2011 - 6/30/2017
Barry M. Popkin, Juan Rivera Evaluating the Impact of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage (SSB) and Nonessential Food Taxes in Mexico This project focuses on developing a basic understanding of Mexico's sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax and the industry's response. NIH NIDDK R01DK108148 4/1/2016 - 3/31/2020
Kavita Singh, Abiyou Kiflie Evaluation of a Quality Improvement Maternal and Newborn Health Intervention in Ethiopia UNC is partnering with an Ethiopian research organization to conduct an external evaluation of a Quality Improvement Maternal and Newborn Health Intervention in Ethiopia. UNC is a subcontractor to the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) on their grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Institute for Healthcare Improvement OPP1128315 1/20/2016 - 1/31/2018
Clare Barrington Evaluation of the LEAP 1000 Program in Ghana This project uses a mixed-methods evaluation to determine the impact of the Ghana Livelihood Empowerment against Poverty (LEAP) 1000 cash transfer program along with the processes and mechanisms through which impact is achieved. UNICEF 43180355 6/22/2015 - 2/28/2018
Penny Gordon-Larsen Exome Variants Underlying Weight Gain from Adolescence to Adulthood This project investigates how genes, environment, and gene-environment interactions influence temporal changes in body mass index (BMI) at vulnerable periods of the life cycle. NIH NICHD R01HD057194 1/1/2008 - 6/30/2019
Paul W. Leslie, J. Terrence McCabe (University of Colorado) Extreme Events as Transformative Factors in Pastoral Social Ecological Systems This project will clarify the role of extreme events in the ongoing transformation of the vast rangelands of East Africa, a transformation that entails changing livelihood patterns and land use, fragmentation of the landscape, and impacts on wildlife, which together have far-reaching consequences for local and national economies and for the vulnerability of local people. National Science Foundation 1533502 9/1/2015 - 8/31/2018
James Thomas Health Outcomes and Impact through Sustainable Country-led Programs and Partnerships in Kenya The MEASURE Evaluation team is assisting the Kenya USAID Mission in the development of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems that include counties that are a new governance level instituted in the new constitution. A goal is to decrease the need for external M&E technical assistance in future years. USAID Agency for International Development (USAID) AID-623-LA-12-00001 10/31/2012 - 10/30/2017
Gustavo Angeles Impact Evaluation on the Effect of The Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme This project aims to study resilience in more depth as a unique component of the analysis for the ongoing impact evaluation in Salima and Mangochi, Malawi. It will provide more comprehensive information about the range of impacts of the social cash transfer programme (SCTP) with which to inform program and policy decision making. UNICEF 43189881 11/25/2015 - 12/31/2016
Gustavo Angeles Leap Impact Evaluation: Third Wave to Determine Long-term Impacts of LEAP This project is supporting the UNICEF Ghana office to implement a rigorous impact evaluation of the Livelihood Empowerment against Poverty (LEAP) Program in Ghana. This includes determining the long-term impacts of the program by implementing a third wave of the LEAP evaluation that began in 2010 and had a subsequent follow-up in 2012, as well as establishing a new nationally representative baseline that includes households fitting the new eligibility criteria for LEAP. UNICEF 43204779 11/25/2015 - 11/30/2017
David K. Guilkey Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Project for the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's Family Planning and Reproductive Health Strategy has a goal to increase modern contraceptive prevalence rates in selected urban areas through the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative. This initiative targets family planning services to the urban poor to reduce inequity, improve quality of and access to family planning services through integration and private sector programs, and with the aim to increase family planning use. The Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) grant was issued to CPC to evaluate the effectiveness of the initiative's efforts in four countries: Uttar Pradesh, India; Nigeria; Kenya; and Senegal. This project is developing a core set of indicators and a study design that is being used across all four countries. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 52037 1/30/2009 - 12/31/2016
Linda S. Adair Migration and Child Development In Nicaragua, this project will quantify the impact of parental absence(s) versus remittance transfers on left-behind children's well-being as measured by three indicators of physical development and identify the extent to which the combination of parental absences with the infusion of remittances are beneficial or detrimental to left-behind children's physical development. NIH K99HD079586 2/11/2015 - 1/31/2017
Siân L. Curtis Monitoring and Evaluation for Feed the Future Feedback Program This FEEDBACK evaluation effort focuses on the Feed the Future Initiative to inform policy, investment, and intervention decisions related to food security in vulnerable countries. USAID Westat, Inc. 6015-S03 5/11/2012 - 5/6/2017
Barry M. Popkin Monitoring Social Change: Health, Reproduction, Aging [China Health and Nutrition Study] This project further enhances the value of the China Health and Nutrition Study by conducting a follow-up survey to collect a second wave of fasting blood and other biomarkers to provide incidence data across cardio metabolic, toxicological and other outcomes, and to complete GWA on the remaining 9,000 individuals with blood samples and in all children aged 0 to 7 years using buccal swabs. The collection of all sociodemographic data continues. NIH NICHD 2-R01-HD030880 8/15/1994 - 5/31/2019
Linda S. Adair Multidimensional Pathways to Healthy Aging among Filipino Women This research identifies multiple environmental and lifestyle factors that accumulate over time to influence aging related chronic diseases, disability and psychological health. NIH NIA R01AG039443 7/1/2011 - 6/30/2017
Multilevel Mechanisms of HIV Acquisition in Young South African Women This project's objective is to determine the effect and mechanisms of effect of key social determinants measured at multiple levels (e.g., individual, household, and community) that influence HIV acquisition in young women in South Africa. NIH R01MH110186 4/22/2016 - 1/31/2021
Lisa D. Pearce, Hyunsan Cho Pathways to HIV Risk among Orphan School Dropouts in Kenya Specific aims of this study are: (1) identify and describe key contextual factors that either protect orphans from or put them at risk of dropping out of school, and (2) examine key contextual factors that either protect orphans from or increase their risk of HIV infection. Pacific Institute for Research & Evaluation Subcon NIH R21MH105287 1/23/2015 - 12/31/2016
Barry M. Popkin, Francesca Carpentier Program and Policy Options for Preventing Obesity in the Low, Middle, and Transitional Income Countries: Background Research and Program Evaluation The Global Food Research Program at UNC's Carolina Population Center is working with a number of countries to assist in the design and subsequent monitoring and impact evaluation in low- and middle-income countries of large-scale regulatory actions used to improve the food purchasing patterns, diets, and health of individuals in each country. Bloomberg 1/1/2016 - 1/31/2018
Gustavo Angeles Providing Expert Consultation to UNICEF This project is a long-term arrangement (LTA) between UNC’s Carolina Population Center and UNICEF’s Office of Research-Innocenti (OoR) to provide consulting services on (1) evaluability assessment and technical review of existing evaluations, and (2) conducting impact evaluations, for seven topical areas, including: social protection including cash transfers; education or youth development; health and nutrition including health insurance schemes; emergency programming; family and parenting support programs; violence awareness and prevention; and communication for development (C4D). UNICEF 42105550 2/16/2016 - 2/15/2018
Whitney Robinson Racial Disparities in Cancer Outcomes: Quantifying Modifiable Mechanisms This project addresses cancer prevention and control by prioritizing efforts to reduce cancer disparities. Some racial and socioeconomic groups have higher rates of cancer incidence and mortality than others. However, the processes causing these disparities remain unclear. Standard epidemiologic methods describe cancer disparities but do not identify the causes of the disparities. To effectively intervene to reduce disparities, this project will identify mechanisms by which disparities arise. NIH National Cancer Institute (NCI) K01CA172717 9/11/2012 - 8/31/2017
Gustavo Angeles Research on the Effect of Malawi SCTP for Building Household Resilience in Balaka District This project is evaluating the impact of the Government of Malawi’s Social Cash Transfer Program (SCTP) on household resilience in Balaka District. The purpose of the evaluation is to investigate how the program influences beneficiary households’ ability to withstand shocks and positively adapt in the face of such shocks. UNICEF 43178293 9/1/2014 - 8/31/2017
Kavita Singh Scaling Up Capability Building for continuous Quality Improvement in Ethiopia UNC is partnering with an Ethiopian research organization to conduct an external evaluation of a Quality Improvement Maternal and Newborn Health Intervention in Ethiopia. UNC is a subcontractor to the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) on their grant from the Cargill Foundation. n/a Institute for Healthcare Improvement 1/20/2016 - 11/14/2018
Barry M. Popkin SES and Race-ethnic Disparities in Food Purchasing and Dietary Intake: 2000-2015 The primary goals of this project are to examine how various socioeconomic factors (including the Great Recession and price changes) affect short-term and long-term food purchases and dietary outcomes across and within critical race/ethnic and SES subpopulations. NIDDK R01DK098072-NIDDK 9/1/2013 - 7/31/2018
Carolyn Tucker Halpern, Kerith Conron Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Across the Life Course This project will collect new data from a subset of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) longitudinal cohort (sexual and gender minorities and a comparison sample of cisgender heterosexuals) about sexual orientation and gender identiy development, and enhance existing prospective information about socioeconomic status (SES) and determinants of SES and health. Data will be available to licensed Add Health users at the end of the project period. NIH NICHD, NIMHD R01HD087365 9/21/2017 - 5/31/2022
Kathleen Mullan Harris Sexual Orientation, Socioeconomic Status, and Chronic Disease Risk This project contributes to achieving the broad objective of the Add Health study by focusing on biopsychosocial processes, and their implications for chronic conditions, among sexual and gender minorities (SGMs) in the Add Health sample. NIH NICHD P01HD031921 5/1/2016 - 4/30/2019
Kathleen Mullan Harris Social Context, the Lifecourse, and Genetic Transcription in Add Health This project is gathering data that, when merged with five waves of Add Health data, will provide an unprecedented opportunity to study how multilevel, longitudinal experiences (including circumstances of birth and exposure to toxicants) are associated with disparities in gene expression (and concurrent biomarkers and morbidities) across the US population. NIH NICHD R01HD087061 9/9/2016 - 5/31/2021
Michael E. Emch Spatio-temporal Patterns of Drug Resistant Malaria in Democratic Republic of Congo This project is measuring the movement of genetic markers (gene flow) to understand the factors that prevent malaria transmission (barriers) or promote it (corridors). National Science Foundation BCS-1339949 9/1/2013 - 2/28/2017
Ted Mouw Stepping Stones and Ladders: The Sources of the Mobility of Low Wage Workers in the United States, 1996-2012 This project aims to analyze the role that occupation-related skills—and changes in the demand for those skills caused by long-term changes in the occupational structure and short-term labor demand shocks—play in explaining why some low-wage workers “move up” along occupation-based pathways or “ladders” while others are left behind. Russell Sage Foundation 85-15-06 12/1/2014 - 11/30/2016
Jason Smith Strengthening Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research Capacity of the Community Health and Social Service Programs in the United Republic of Tanzania The MEASURE Evaluation project plans to implement a program of action designed to strengthen the monitoring, evaluation, and research capacity of community health and social service programs in Tanzania. USAID AID-621-LA-14-00001 2/28/2014 - 2/27/2019
Ted Mouw, Maria-Giovanna Merli Testing Multiple Modes of Data Collection with Network Sampling with Memory This project, in collaboration with Duke University, aims to illustrate the innovative approach of Network Sampling with Memory (NSM) as a viable and cost-effective option for sampling from a rare population of immigrants in the US. Duke University NIA R21HD086738 7/22/2016 - 6/30/2017
Sudhanshu (Ashu) Handa The Growth and Protection Impacts of Zimbabwe's Social Cash Transfer Program This project is the 24-month follow-up on a longitudinal impact evaluation of the Government of Zimbabwe's Social Cash Transfer Program on ultra-poor households and orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). The study combines quantitative and qualitative research. 3ie TW1.1027 8/1/2012 - 8/30/2017
Sudhanshu (Ashu) Handa The Health and Poverty Effects of a Large-scale Cookstove Initiative in Rwanda This project evaluates the impact of a private sector cookstove and fuel distribution intervention on exposure to airborne pollutants, health, and poverty through data collection in Rwanda. NIH NIEHS R01ES023861 8/1/2014 - 4/30/2019
Sharon S. Weir The HIV Measurement and Surveillance Support (MESH) Consortium: Key Populations Working Group The HIV Measurement and Surveillance Support Consortium project aims to develop, test, and implement innovative and efficient methods for routine HIV measurement and surveillance among adults and children. The unique contribution of the consortium will be to maximize the potential of data routinely collected through HIV surveillance and service delivery platforms to provide timely information on key outcomes in relevant populations at a level appropriate to support resource allocation and realignment. n/a London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine 1/1/2015 - 6/30/2017
Kathleen Mullan Harris The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), Wave V The scientific objective of the Add Health Wave V Program Project is to understand the early life precursors of chronic disease by tracing the cumulative and integrated biological, behavioral, and psychosocial processes that are hypothesized to operate in all stages of the life course. NIH NICHD P01-HD031921 3/1/1997 - 4/30/2019
Penny Gordon-Larsen Transition to a Western Diet and Cardiometabolic Risk Biomarkers Derived from the Microbiome In a sample of adults from rapidly modernizing China, this project is examining whether gut microbiota and plasma metabolites differ depending upon when, within the 25-year period, diet changes occur, and if they are associated with health outcomes. The longitudinal subsample will be used to examine changes in markers of Western diet in relation to concurrent changes in microbial diversity and community composition, and in metabolites. NIH NIDDK R01DK104371 9/17/2015 - 6/30/2019
Robert Hummer, Elizabeth Lawrence Transitions to Adulthood and Health Risk Among US Young Adults This project’s overall objective is to increase understanding of how combinations of individual, family, and social factors influence the health risks of young adults in the US, an especially important topic in the context of today’s widening health disparities and changing health risks. NIH NICHD F32HD085599 7/1/2016 - 6/30/2018
Audrey E. Pettifor Understanding the Risk Profile of Young Women's Male Partners in Rural South Africa This project is surveying partners of young South African women (who have been followed in an HIV prevention longitudinal study) to understand relationship types that would be best suited for tailored prevention packages, and to better understand the men who are infected to design programs to get them tested and on treatment. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation OPP1154943 8/1/2016 - 1/31/2018
Kathleen Mullan Harris, Jon M. Hussey, Jennifer Buher-Kane Using Record Linkage to Generate the Add Health Children Study Database The goal of this project is to establish the feasibility of creating a data source that links the birth records of children born to mothers and fathers in the Add Health study. This project will pilot the linkage of births to female Add Health respondents in three US states. NIH NICHD R21HD088846 7/18/2016 - 6/30/2018
Shu Wen Ng WIC Package Changes and Packaged Food Purchases among US Preschool Households The first major changes to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) were made in 2009 and were finalized in 2014. This study will quantify on a national scale how WIC changes relate to packaged food purchases (PFP) in 2010 and 2015 compared to 2008 (pre-change), if state variations in policy options matter, and if WIC changes are associated with reducing nutrient disparities. It will provide an evidence base for maintaining or making future changes to WIC, and identify WIC policy options that work well in tandem for improved nutrition outcomes among beneficiaries. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation 73247 12/15/2015 - 6/14/2017

Training Grants

Principal Investigator(s) Title of Grant/Contract Description Source Grant/Contract Number Project Period
Barry M. Popkin Nutrition-related Noncommunicable Disease (NCD) Prevention Training in China This grant focuses on capacity building related to large-scale program and policy analysis in the nutrition-related noncommunicable disease (NR-NCD) area. The primary focus of this research training and related institutional development is on issues linked with dietary and physical activity patterns and preventing obesity and the related comorbidities. NIH FIC D43TW009077-Fogarty 8/15/2011 - 7/31/2017
Barbara Entwisle Population Research Training The NICHD-NRSA training grant develops CPC trainees' skills needed to carry out successful population-relevant research, primarily through collaboration with experienced faculty researchers on population-relevant research. The keystone of the training program is an individualized faculty mentor preceptor-trainee relationship. NIH NICHD 5-T32-HD07168 7/1/1979 - 4/30/2019

Total Grants: 50

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