Social Cash Transfers, Household Risk and HIV Prevention in Kenya

This project assesses the impact of the Government of Kenya's Cash Transfer for Orphan and Vulnerable Children Program (CT-OVC) on the prevention of HIV. The study has 3 main aims. The first is to continue a unique social experiment initially designed to evaluate the impact of the program on a range of poverty, health and education outcomes among the target group of ultra-poor households with OVC. We are fielding a 4 year follow-up survey on the same households, approximately 13000 individuals and 6000 OVC, one-third of who were randomized out of the program, the remainder who began receiving a cash grant in 2007. The second aim is to assess the impact of the program on HIV risk among adolescents, which is accomplished by expanding the original survey instrument to include new modules on sexual activity and risky behavior among adolescents. The third aim assesses whether the program has affected time preferences for adults, and how time preferences, subjective risk assessment and risk aversion influence the propensity to engage in choice behavior with long time horizons, such as savings, human capital investment and risky sexual activity.

Principal Investigator: Sudhanshu (Ashu) Handa

CPC Fellow Investigators: Carolyn Tucker Halpern , Audrey E. Pettifor , Harsha Thirumurthy

Funding Source: NIH NIMH

Funding Period: 1/1/2011 - 9/30/2015

Primary Research Area: Population Health,Reproductive Health

Affiliated Research Project:

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