Maternal Lipid Levels during Pregnancy and Child Weight Status at 3 Years of Age

Martin, Chantel L.; Vladutiu, Catherine J.; Zikry, Tarek M.; Grace, Matthew R.; & Siega-Riz, Anna Maria. (2019). Maternal Lipid Levels during Pregnancy and Child Weight Status at 3 Years of Age. Pediatric Obesity, 14(4), e12485. PMCID: PMC6545288

Martin, Chantel L.; Vladutiu, Catherine J.; Zikry, Tarek M.; Grace, Matthew R.; & Siega-Riz, Anna Maria. (2019). Maternal Lipid Levels during Pregnancy and Child Weight Status at 3 Years of Age. Pediatric Obesity, 14(4), e12485. PMCID: PMC6545288

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BACKGROUND: The intrauterine environment is critical in the development of child obesity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between maternal lipid levels during pregnancy and child weight status. METHODS: Maternal lipid levels (total cholesterol, high-density and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides) collected from fasting blood samples collected at less than 20 and 24-29 weeks' gestation and child weight status at age 3 were examined prospectively among 183 mother-child dyads enrolled in the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition. Measured height and weight at 3 years were used to calculate age- and sex-specific body mass index z-scores. Child risk of overweight/obesity was defined as body mass index greater than or equal to 85th percentile for age and sex. Regression models estimated the association between maternal lipid levels and child body mass index z-score and risk of being affected by overweight/obesity, respectively. RESULTS: Higher triglyceride levels at less than 20 and 24-29 weeks of pregnancy were associated with higher body mass index z-scores (beta = 0.23; 95% CI: 0.07-0.38 and beta = 0.15; 95% CI: 0.01-0.29; respectively) after adjusting for confounders. There was no evidence of an association between total or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and child weight status at age 3. CONCLUSIONS: Early childhood body mass index may be influenced by maternal triglyceride levels during pregnancy.




JOUR



Martin, Chantel L.
Vladutiu, Catherine J.
Zikry, Tarek M.
Grace, Matthew R.
Siega-Riz, Anna Maria



2019

R24-Yes. P2C-No. NIH-Yes. "AMSR, CM, and CV conceived and planned this secondary analysis. The analysis of the data was performed by CM and TZ. The manuscript was written by CM and CV, with revisions and final approval from AMSR, MG, and TZ. The Pregnancy, Infection and Nutrition Study is a joint effort of many investigators and staff members, whose work is gratefully acknowledged. This study was funded in part by NIH grants HD‐28684, HD‐28684A, HD‐375874, HD‐39373, R24HD050924, and NIH Training Grants from National Cancer Institute (T32CA128582) and National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (T32ES007018)."

Pediatric Obesity

14

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e12485








PMC6545288


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