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Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Future Expectations in Russian Adolescents


Stickley, Andrew; Koposov, Roman; Kamio, Yoko; Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Koyanagi, Ai; Inoue, Yosuke; Yazawa, Aki; & Ruchkin, Vladislav (2019). Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Future Expectations in Russian Adolescents. Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders, 11(3), 279-287.


In recent years, there has been an increasing focus on the role of future expectations-the extent to which a future outcome is deemed likely-in the health and well-being of adolescents, with research linking future expectations to outcomes such as an increased likelihood of engaging in risky health behaviors. As yet, however, there has been no research on future expectations and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence. To address this research gap, the current study examined the association between ADHD symptoms/possible ADHD status and future expectations in a school-based sample of adolescents. Data were analyzed from 537 Russian adolescents (aged 12-17) with teacher-reported ADHD symptoms and self-reported future expectations. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine associations. In fully adjusted analyses, inattention symptoms/possible ADHD inattentive status was associated with lower future educational expectations, while a possible ADHD hyperactivity status was associated with increased odds for negative future expectations relating to work, family and succeeding in what is most important. The findings of this study suggest that greater ADHD symptoms/possible ADHD status in adolescence may be linked to an increased risk for negative future expectations across a variety of different life domains.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders


Stickley, Andrew
Koposov, Roman
Kamio, Yoko
Takahashi, Hidetoshi
Koyanagi, Ai
Inoue, Yosuke
Yazawa, Aki
Ruchkin, Vladislav