CitationStoner, Marie C. D.; Neilands, Torsten B.; Kahn, Kathleen; Hughes, James P.; Gomez-Olive, F. Xavier; Twine, Rhian; Tollman, Stephen M.; Laeyendecker, Oliver B.; MacPhail, Catherine Lorne; & Ahern, Jennifer, et al. (2019). Multilevel Measures of Education and Pathways to Incident Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 in Adolescent Girls and Young Women in South Africa. Journal of Adolescent Health, 65(6), 723-729. PMCID: PMC6874764
AbstractPURPOSE: Schooling is associated with a lower risk of Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) in adolescent girls and young women, but there is little understanding of the pathways underlying this relationship.
METHODS: We used data from adolescent girls and young women in South Africa enrolled in the HIV Prevention Trials Network 068 study. We tested a structural equation model where individual household and community education measures were associated directly and indirectly with incident HSV-2 through HIV knowledge, future aspirations, age-disparate partnerships, sex in the last 12 months, and condomless sex.
RESULTS: Community, household, and individual measures of schooling were all associated with incident HSV-2 infection through mediated pathways that increased the likelihood of having sex. Low school attendance (<80% of school days) increased the likelihood of having sex through increased age-disparate partnerships and reduced future aspirations. Fewer community years of education increased the likelihood of having sex through increased age-disparate partnerships. Parental education level was indirectly associated with HSV-2 overall, although we could not identify the individual pathways that were responsible for this association.
CONCLUSIONS: Community and individual schooling interventions may reduce the risk of HSV-2 infection by influencing the likelihood of having sex, partner age, and future aspirations.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleJournal of Adolescent Health
Author(s)Stoner, Marie C. D.
Neilands, Torsten B.
Hughes, James P.
Gomez-Olive, F. Xavier
Tollman, Stephen M.
Laeyendecker, Oliver B.
MacPhail, Catherine Lorne
Lippman, Sheri A.
Pettifor, Audrey E.