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What About Methods for Men? A Qualitative Analysis of Attitudes Toward Male Contraception in Burkina Faso and Uganda

Citation

Cartwright, Alice F.; Lawton, Anna; Brunie, Aurélie; & Callahan, Rebecca L. (2020). What About Methods for Men? A Qualitative Analysis of Attitudes Toward Male Contraception in Burkina Faso and Uganda. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 46, 153-162. PMCID: PMC7780155

Abstract

CONTEXT: Male contraceptive options are limited; however, product development efforts tend to focus on female methods. Research on attitudes toward methods for men-particularly in regions of low contraceptive prevalence, such as Sub-Saharan Africa-could inform the development of new male methods.
METHODS: Qualitative data were taken from focus group discussions with 80 men aged 23-67 and 398 women aged 15-50 conducted in Burkina Faso and Uganda in 2016. Transcripts were analyzed thematically to explore support among men and women for male contraceptive methods, and to extract suggestions about ideal method characteristics.
RESULTS: Male and female participants in both countries expressed support for new male contraceptive options; more positive attitudes were expressed in Uganda than in Burkina Faso. Participants of both sexes recognized that male methods could reduce the family planning burden on women and offer men greater control over their fertility; however, some had concerns about side effects and thought that men would not use contraceptives. Relationship characteristics, such as polygamous unions, were cited as possible challenges. In both countries, various delivery methods (e.g., creams or jellies, injections and implants) and durations (from short-acting to permanent) were proposed.
CONCLUSIONS: The acceptability of new male methods among most participants in the two countries indicates a potential demand for male contraceptives. Options should include a variety of method characteristics to maximize choice, engage men, and support men and women's contraceptive needs.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1363/46e9720

Reference Type

Journal Article

Article Type

Regular

Year Published

2020

Journal Title

International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Author(s)

Cartwright, Alice F.
Lawton, Anna
Brunie, Aurélie
Callahan, Rebecca L.

PMCID

PMC7780155

Continent/Country

Burkina Faso
Uganda