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Patterns of Red and Processed Meat Consumption across North America: A Nationally Representative Cross-Sectional Comparison of Dietary Recalls from Canada, Mexico, and the United States

Citation

Frank, Sarah M.; Jaacks, Lindsay M.; Batis, Carolina; Vanderlee, Lana; & Taillie, Lindsey Smith (2021). Patterns of Red and Processed Meat Consumption across North America: A Nationally Representative Cross-Sectional Comparison of Dietary Recalls from Canada, Mexico, and the United States. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(1), 357. PMCID: PMC7796493

Abstract

Close economic ties encourage production and trade of meat between Canada, Mexico, and the US. Understanding the patterns of red and processed meat consumption in North America may inform policies designed to reduce meat consumption and bolster environmental and public health efforts across the continent. We used nationally-representative cross-sectional survey data to analyze consumption of unprocessed red meat; processed meat; and total red and processed meat. Generalized linear models were used to separately estimate probability of consumption and adjusted mean intake. Prevalence of total meat consumers was higher in the US (73.6, 95% CI: 72.3–74.8%) than in Canada (65.6, 63.9–67.2%) or Mexico (62.7, 58.1–67.2%). Men were more likely to consume unprocessed red, processed, and total meat, and had larger estimated intakes. In Mexico, high wealth individuals were more likely to consume all three categories of meat. In the US and Canada, those with high education were less likely to consume total and processed meat. Estimated mean intake of unprocessed red, processed, and total meat did not differ across sociodemographic strata. Overall consumption of red and processed meat remains high in North America. Policies to reduce meat consumption are appropriate for all three countries.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010357

Reference Type

Journal Article

Article Type

Regular

Year Published

2021

Journal Title

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Author(s)

Frank, Sarah M.
Jaacks, Lindsay M.
Batis, Carolina
Vanderlee, Lana
Taillie, Lindsey Smith

PMCID

PMC7796493

Continent/Country

North America
Canada
Mexico
United States of America

State

Nonspecific