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Psychometric Validation of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support during Pregnancy in Rural Pakistan

Citation

Sharif, Maria; Zaidi, Ahmed; Wagas, Ahmed; Malik, Abid; Hagaman, Ashley K.; Maselko, Joanna; LeMasters, Katherine; Liaqat, Rakhshanda; Bilal, Samina; & Bibi, Tayyana, et al. (2021). Psychometric Validation of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support during Pregnancy in Rural Pakistan. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 601563. PMCID: PMC8239233

Abstract

Background: The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) is a short and reliable instrument that assesses perceived social support from the social network of an individual. A previous study in Pakistan among postpartum women has demonstrated a unidimensional factor structure in contrast to the original three-factor structure. The emergence of a one-factor structure for postpartum women in Pakistan may be due to traditional postpartum practices unique to the women of the subcontinent. Building upon the previous evidence, this study aims to explore the psychometric properties of MSPSS among pregnant women in their third trimester in rural Pakistan.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from October 2014 to February 2016, in rural Pakistan. A sample of 1,154 pregnant women (aged ≥ 18 years) in their third trimester who were registered with the local Lady Health Worker Program and were living in the north of the Punjab Province was included in this study. They were assessed using Urdu translated scales of Patient Health Questionnaire, MSPSS, Maternal Social Support Index, and Perceived Stress Scale. Principal Axis Factoring was used to assess the construct validity of the MSPSS.
Results: The MSPSS scale showed an excellent internal consistency, yielding a Cronbach's

URL

https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.601563

Reference Type

Journal Article

Article Type

Regular

Year Published

2021

Journal Title

Frontiers in Psychology

Author(s)

Sharif, Maria
Zaidi, Ahmed
Wagas, Ahmed
Malik, Abid
Hagaman, Ashley K.
Maselko, Joanna
LeMasters, Katherine
Liaqat, Rakhshanda
Bilal, Samina
Bibi, Tayyana
Ahmad, Ikhlaq
Sikander, Siham
Rahman, Atif

PMCID

PMC8239233

Continent/Country

Pakistan