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Men’s Social Networks, Social Norms, & Family Planning in Benin


LeMasters, Katherine; Costenbader, Elizabeth; Martinez, Andres; Speizer, Ilene S.; & Igras, Susan (Online ahead of print). Men's Social Networks, Social Norms, & Family Planning in Benin. Global Public Health.


To address low family planning (FP) use and high unmet need in West Africa, attention has been paid to addressing FP-related social networks and norms. Most work focuses on women. This analysis assesses men's FP-related social networks and norms and their relation to FP use in Benin using data from baseline surveys from the Tékponon Jikuagou intervention. We descriptively analysed men's egocentric FP-related social networks and norms at the village level. Multivariable logistic regression analyses (N = 885) examined the relationship between FP-related social networks, norms, and men's current and future FP use. Twenty-three percent of men reported current modern contraception use and 47% reported intended future use. Most had few network members. While most believed it was acceptable to discuss FP, few talked with peers about FP and most did not discuss FP with their partner(s). In multivariable analyses, neither networks nor norms were significantly related to men's FP use. Men's networks being small and men rarely discussing FP indicate an opportunity for village-based approaches to engage men in FP discussions and spark FP dialogue within couples, between men, and within villages. Future work should further explore the relationship between men's social networks, norms, and FP use.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Article Type


Year Published

Online ahead of print

Journal Title

Global Public Health


LeMasters, Katherine
Costenbader, Elizabeth
Martinez, Andres
Speizer, Ilene S.
Igras, Susan