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Noppert, Grace A.; Martin, Chantel L.; Zivich, Paul N.; Aiello, Allison E.; Harris, Kathleen Mullan; & O'Rand, Angela (2022). Adolescent Neighborhood Disadvantage and Memory Performance in Young Adulthood. Health & Place, 75.


OBJECTIVE: Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we estimated the average causal effect of neighborhood disadvantage in adolescence on memory performance in young adulthood. We contrasted several different ways of operationalizing a continuous measure of neighborhood disadvantage including a continuous neighborhood disadvantage score and ordinal measures.
RESULTS: Neighborhood disadvantage was measured in Wave I when participants were a mean age of 15.41 years (SE: 0.12) and memory performance was measured in Wave IV when participants were a mean age of 28.24 years (SE: 0.12). We found that adolescent neighborhood disadvantage was associated with decreased memory performance in young adulthood. Notably, we observed a linear decline in word recall score among those in the less disadvantaged tail of the distribution (neighborhood disadvantage <1), a finding not observed using traditional ordinal variable classifications of disadvantage.
CONCLUSION: Experiencing neighborhood disadvantage in adolescence may have lasting impacts on cognitive health throughout the life course.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Health & Place


Noppert, Grace A.
Martin, Chantel L.
Zivich, Paul N.
Aiello, Allison E.
Harris, Kathleen Mullan
O'Rand, Angela

Article Type


Data Set/Study

National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health)


United States of America




Aiello - 0000-0001-7029-2537
Martin, C. - 0000-0003-1907-0810
Harris, KM - 0000-0001-9757-1026