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Survey Design

A multistage, random cluster process was used to draw the sample surveyed in each of the provinces. Counties in the nine provinces were stratified by income (low, middle, and high) and a weighted sampling scheme was used to randomly select four counties in each province. In addition, the provincial capital and a lower income city were selected when feasible, except that other large cities rather than provincial capitals had to be selected in two provinces.  Villages and townships within the counties and urban/suburban neighborhoods within the cities were selected randomly. The primary sampling units have increased to 360: 60 urban neighborhoods, 60 suburban neighborhoods, 30 towns, and 180 villages.