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Description and Evaluation of a Measurement Technique for Assessment of Performing Gender

Citation

Fleming, Paul J.; Harris, Kathleen Mullan; & Halpern, Carolyn Tucker (2017). Description and Evaluation of a Measurement Technique for Assessment of Performing Gender. Sex Roles, 76(11-12), 731-746. PMCID: PMC5473164

Abstract

The influence of masculinity and femininity on behaviors and outcomes has been extensively studied in social science research using various measurement strategies. In the present paper, we describe and evaluate a measurement technique that uses existing survey items to capture the extent to which an individual behaves similarly to their same-gender peers. We use data from the first four waves of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a nationally representative sample of adolescents (age 12-18) in the United States who were re-interviewed at ages 13-19, 18-26, and 24-32. We estimate split-half reliability and provide evidence that supports the validity of this measurement technique. We demonstrate that the resulting measure does not perform as a trait measure and is associated with involvement in violent fights, a pattern consistent with theory and empirical findings. This measurement technique represents a novel approach for gender researchers with the potential for expanding our current knowledge base.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11199-016-0657-3

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2017

Journal Title

Sex Roles

Author(s)

Fleming, Paul J.
Harris, Kathleen Mullan
Halpern, Carolyn Tucker

PMCID

PMC5473164