CitationChoi, Jaeun; Zeng, Donglin; Olshan, Andrew F.; & Cai, Jianwen (2018). Joint Modeling of Survival Time and Longitudinal Outcomes with Flexible Random Effects. Lifetime Data Analysis, 24(1), 126-152. PMCID: PMC5756108
AbstractJoint models with shared Gaussian random effects have been conventionally used in analysis of longitudinal outcome and survival endpoint in biomedical or public health research. However, misspecifying the normality assumption of random effects can lead to serious bias in parameter estimation and future prediction. In this paper, we study joint models of general longitudinal outcomes and survival endpoint but allow the underlying distribution of shared random effect to be completely unknown. For inference, we propose to use a mixture of Gaussian distributions as an approximation to this unknown distribution and adopt an Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm for computation. Either AIC and BIC criteria are adopted for selecting the number of mixtures. We demonstrate the proposed method via a number of simulation studies. We illustrate our approach with the data from the Carolina Head and Neck Cancer Study (CHANCE).
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleLifetime Data Analysis
Olshan, Andrew F.