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Gender Inequality at Work in the Early Adult Lifecourse: A Comparison of Job-Shifting Patterns in the Former East Germany and the Former West Germany

Citation

Trappe, Heike & Rosenfeld, Rachel A. (1998). Gender Inequality at Work in the Early Adult Lifecourse: A Comparison of Job-Shifting Patterns in the Former East Germany and the Former West Germany. European Sociological Review, 14, 343-68.

Abstract

New state and market arrangements were twice imposed on the residents of the eastern part of Germany, once when Germany was divided in 1949 and again when it was reunified in 1990; these changes produced a unique natural experiment concerning the effect of policies and institutions on the gendered nature of work. This review synthesizes research on gender equality in paid and unpaid work in East versus West Germany during the decades immediately preceding and following reunification. We consider empirical evidence on gender equality in five major dimensions of work: the prevalence of labor market attachment, time spent in paid work, wages, employment sector and occupation, and time spent in unpaid work in the home. Taken together, developments across these dimensions suggest that, following reunification, the two parts of the country converged toward the gendered arrangement in which men are employed full-time and their female partners hold part-time jobs—with some evidence of continuing differences between East and West.

URL

https://www.jstor.org/stable/29737687

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

European Sociological Review

Author(s)

Trappe, Heike
Rosenfeld, Rachel A.

Year Published

1998

Volume Number

14

Pages

343-68

Reference ID

1089