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Career Strategies in Capitalism and Socialism: Work Values and Job Rewards in the United States and Hungary

Citation

Kalleberg, Arne L. & Stark, David (1993). Career Strategies in Capitalism and Socialism: Work Values and Job Rewards in the United States and Hungary. Social Forces, 72, 181-98.

Abstract

This article compares work values and job rewards in Hungary and the U.S., using data from a recent study of workers in these two countries (the 1989 International Social Survey Program). We argue that individuals' career strategies and attainments are shaped by their nation's structures of employment relations. The results indicate that Hungarians placed greater importance on economic incentives and on having more "leisure" time from their main jobs, time which they can then presumably use to maximize their earnings in second-economy jobs. Workers in the U.S. were more concerned with promotion and advancement opportunities.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2580165

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Social Forces

Author(s)

Kalleberg, Arne L.
Stark, David

Year Published

1993

Volume Number

72

Pages

181-98

Reference ID

109