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Factors Related to Fertility Desire among Female Sex Workers Living with HIV in the Dominican Republic


Cernigliaro, Dana; Barrington, Clare; Perez, Martha; Donastorg, Yeycy A.; & Kerrigan, Deanna L. (2018). Factors Related to Fertility Desire among Female Sex Workers Living with HIV in the Dominican Republic. BMC Women's Health, 18, 117. PMCID: PMC6029388


BACKGROUND: Female sex workers living with HIV are at increased risk for negative health outcomes and multiple levels of stigma. However, there is limited research on female sex workers living with HIV and even less focused on reproductive health.
METHODS: We analyzed data using logistic regression from a cohort of 247 female sex workers of reproductive age living with HIV in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic to assess factors associated with fertility desire.
RESULTS: Most participants had children (93.1%; mean: 2.8; range: 1,8) and 28.3% reported fertility desire. Bivariate regression analysis uncovered that participants who desired children were less likely to report being on antiretroviral treatment and more likely to have a detectable viral load. Multivariate regression results showed participants who desired more children were: less likely to be older, have higher levels of HIV-related internalized stigma, have a history of pregnancy loss, have fewer children and have a perception that their partner has negative feelings about pregnancy.
CONCLUSIONS: Individual and interpersonal characteristics were found to be associated with fertility desire in this study. Additional in-depth research is needed to understand how the role of stigma, partner dynamics and reproductive history as it relates to fertility desire, in order to ensure the reproductive health and wellbeing of this population.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

BMC Women's Health


Cernigliaro, Dana
Barrington, Clare
Perez, Martha
Donastorg, Yeycy A.
Kerrigan, Deanna L.