CitationAburto, Tania C.; Poti, Jennifer M.; & Popkin, Barry M. (2018). Patterns and Trends in the Intake Distribution of Manufactured and Homemade Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in Pre-Tax Mexico, 1999-2012. Public Health Nutrition, 21(18), 3296-3306. PMCID: PMC6298817
AbstractObjective: To describe trends across the intake distribution of total, manufactured and homemade sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) from 1999 to 2012, focusing on high SSBs consumers and on changes by socioeconomic status subgroups. Design: We analyzed data from one 24-hour dietary recall from two nationally representative surveys. Quantile regression models at the 50th, 75th and 90th percentiles of energy intake distribution of SSBs were used. Setting: 1999 Mexican National Nutrition Survey and 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey. Subjects: School-aged children (5-11 years) and women 20-49 years for trend analyses (n=7,718). Population aged >1 years for 2012 (n=10,096). Results: Over the 1999-2012 period, there were significant increases in the proportion of total and manufactured SSBs consumers (5.7 and 10.7 percentage points), along with an increase in per-consumer SSBs energy intake, resulting in significant increases in per-capita total SSBs energy intake (34, 59 and 95 kcal/d at 50th, 75th and 90th percentiles in school-aged children, and 37, 79 and 109 kcal/d at 50th, 75th and 90th percentiles in women). Total and manufactured SSB intakes increased sharply among low-SES children but remained similar among high-SES children during this time span. Conclusion: Large increases in SSB consumption were seen between 1999 and 2012 during this pretax SSB period, particularly for the highest consumers. Trends observed in school-aged children are a clear example of the nutrition transition experienced in Mexico. Policies to discourage high intake of manufactured SSBs should continue, joined with strategies to encourage water and low-calorie beverages consumption.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitlePublic Health Nutrition
Author(s)Aburto, Tania C.
Poti, Jennifer M.
Popkin, Barry M.