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Past-Month Cannabis Use among U.S. Individuals from 2002-2015: An Age-Period-Cohort Analysis

Citation

Chawla, Devika; Yang, Yang Claire; Desrosiers, Tania A.; Westreich, Daniel J.; Olshan, Andrew F.; & Daniels, Julie L. (2018). Past-Month Cannabis Use among U.S. Individuals from 2002-2015: An Age-Period-Cohort Analysis. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 193, 177-182. PMCID: PMC6542262

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among U.S. adolescents and adults, but little is known about factors that drive trends in cannabis use prevalence. To better understand drivers of these trends, we aimed to estimate age, period, and cohort effects on past-month cannabis use among U.S. individuals age 12 and older from 2002 to 2015.
METHODS: We conducted an age-period-cohort analysis on past-month cannabis use among participants ages 12 and older using the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an annual cross-sectional nationally-representative survey of drug use. Additionally, we examined how age, period, and cohort effects differed across gender. Participants (n = 779,799) self-reported cannabis patterns using a computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI).
RESULTS: Past-month cannabis use in this population increased from 6.0% in 2002 to 8.1% in 2015. Distinct age, period, and cohort effects were observed. Compared to participants ages 12-13, participants ages 18-21 (PR: 16.8, 95% CI: 15.6, 18.1) and 22-25 (PR: 13.2, 95% CI: 12.2, 14.4) had dramatically higher prevalence of past-month cannabis use. Compared to participants in 2002, participants in 2014 (PR: 1.2, 95% CI: 1.1, 1.4) and 2014 (PR: 1.2, 95% CI: 1.1, 1.4) had slightly higher prevalence of past-month cannabis use. Compared to the 1940s birth cohort, the 1950s birth cohort (PR: 1.8, 95% CI: 1.5, 2.2) had a higher prevalence of past-month cannabis use.
CONCLUSIONS: Past-month cannabis use is prevalent and increasing among U.S. adults. Distinct age, period, and cohort effects are at play, though age effects are strongest.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.05.035

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2018

Journal Title

Drug and Alcohol Dependence

Author(s)

Chawla, Devika
Yang, Yang Claire
Desrosiers, Tania A.
Westreich, Daniel J.
Olshan, Andrew F.
Daniels, Julie L.

PMCID

PMC6542262