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WIC-based Interventions to Promote Breastfeeding among African-American Women in Baltimore: Effects on Breastfeeding Initiation and Continuation

Citation

Caulfield, Laura E.; Gross, Susan M.; Bentley, Margaret E.; Bronner, Yvonne L.; Kessler, Lisa A.; Jensen, Joan L.; Weathers, B.; & Paige, David M. (1998). WIC-based Interventions to Promote Breastfeeding among African-American Women in Baltimore: Effects on Breastfeeding Initiation and Continuation. Journal of Human Lactation, 14(1), 15-22.

Abstract

We evaluated the single and combined effects of introducing a motivational video and peer counseling into four matched WIC clinics on breastfeeding initiation and continuation at 7-10 days among African-American WIC participants. Of the 242 women with complete data, 48% initiated breastfeeding, but only 31% were still breastfeeding at 7-10 days. Initiation was associated with cesarean delivery, infant feeding instruction, no artificial milk discharge pack, attending the peer counselor only-intervention site, and intention to breastfeed. Continuation was influenced by infant feeding instruction, no artificial milk discharge pack, and intention to breastfeed. Overall, trends toward a positive impact of the breastfeeding promotion activities were evident but weak, and largely gone by 7-10 days postpartum.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/089033449801400110

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Journal of Human Lactation

Author(s)

Caulfield, Laura E.
Gross, Susan M.
Bentley, Margaret E.
Bronner, Yvonne L.
Kessler, Lisa A.
Jensen, Joan L.
Weathers, B.
Paige, David M.

Year Published

1998

Volume Number

14

Issue Number

1

Pages

15-22

Reference ID

1205