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Evaluating the Impact of a Hospital Scale-Up Phase of a Quality Improvement Intervention in Ghana on Mortality for Children Under Five


Singh, Kavita; Speizer, Ilene S.; Barker, Pierre M.; Agyeman-Duah, Josephine Nana Afrakoma; Agula, Justina; Akpakli, Jonas Kofi; Akparibo, Salomey; Dasoberi, Ireneous N.; Kanyoke, Ernest; & Steenwijk, Johanna Hermina, et al. (2019). Evaluating the Impact of a Hospital Scale-Up Phase of a Quality Improvement Intervention in Ghana on Mortality for Children Under Five. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 31(10), 752-758.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the scale-up phase of a national quality improvement initiative across hospitals in Southern Ghana.
DESIGN: This evaluation used a comparison of pre- and post-intervention means to assess changes in outcomes over time. Multivariable interrupted time series analyses were performed to determine whether change categories (interventions) tested were associated with improvements in the outcomes.
SETTING: Hospitals in Southern Ghana.
PARTICIPANTS: The data sources were monthly outcome data from intervention hospitals along with program records.
INTERVENTION: The project used a quality improvement approach whereby process failures were identified by health staff and process changes were implemented in hospitals and their corresponding communities. The three change categories were: timely care-seeking, prompt provision of care and adherence to protocols.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Facility-level neonatal mortality, facility-level postneonatal infant mortality and facility-level postneonatal under-five mortality.
RESULTS: There were significant improvements for two outcomes from the pre-intervention to the post-intervention phase. Postneonatal infant mortality dropped from 44.3 to 21.1 postneonatal infant deaths per 1000 admissions, while postneonatal under-five mortality fell from 23.1 to 11.8 postneonatal under-five deaths per 1000 admissions. The multivariable interrupted time series analysis indicated that over the long-term the prompt provision of care change category was significantly associated with reduced postneonatal under five mortality (beta = -0.0024, 95% CI -0.0051, 0.0003, P < 0.10).
CONCLUSIONS: The reduced postneonatal under-five mortality achieved in this project gives support to the promotion of quality improvement as a means to achieve health impacts at scale.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

International Journal for Quality in Health Care


Singh, Kavita
Speizer, Ilene S.
Barker, Pierre M.
Agyeman-Duah, Josephine Nana Afrakoma
Agula, Justina
Akpakli, Jonas Kofi
Akparibo, Salomey
Dasoberi, Ireneous N.
Kanyoke, Ernest
Steenwijk, Johanna Hermina
Yabang, Elma
Twum-Danso, Nana A. Y.
Sodzi-Tettey, Sodzi