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Moderate-Vigorous Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life among Hispanic/Latino Adults in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Citation

Vasquez, Priscilla M.; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon A.; Marquez, David X.; Argos, Maria; Lamar, Melissa; Odoms-Young, Angela; Wu, Donghong; Gonzalez, Hector M.; Tarraf, Wassim; & Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela T., et al. (2019). Moderate-Vigorous Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life among Hispanic/Latino Adults in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes, 3(1), 45. PMCID: PMC6656822

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Physical activity is a modifiable healthy behavior that has been shown to positively influence health-related quality of life. However, research examining the link between physical activity and health-related quality of life among Hispanic/Latino adults is limited and inconsistent. The purpose of this study is to assess whether accelerometer-measured moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is associated with self-reported (a) mental health-related quality of life, and (b) physical health-related quality of life among diverse Hispanic/Latino adults in the US.
METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 12,379 adults ages 18-74 years in 2008-2011, who participated in HCHS/SOL and had complete data were analyzed using complex survey design methods. Accelerometer data were categorized into no MVPA, low, moderate, and high MVPA. Health-related quality of life was assessed with the Short-Form 12 and we used the mental and physical component subscales where higher scores indicate better health-related quality of life. Multivariate linear regression models were used to derive adjusted means with 95% confidence intervals and linear trends.
RESULTS: We observed no significant linear trend between accelerometer-measured MVPA and mental health-related quality of life (ptrend = 0.73). There was a significant positive association between MVPA and physical health-related quality of life (ptrend < 0.001) where higher MVPA corresponded with higher scores in physical health-related quality of life. The adjusted means were 46.67 (44.85-48.48) for no MVPA, 49.33 (49.03-49.63) for low MVPA, 50.61 (50.09-51.13) for moderate MVPA, and 51.36 (50.86-51.86) for high MVPA.
CONCLUSIONS: Among diverse Hispanic/Latino adults in the US, accelerometer-measured MVPA was associated with physical health-related quality of life, but not mental health-related quality of life. Future interventions should evaluate if increases in MVPA lead to improvements in health-related quality of life.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41687-019-0129-y

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2019

Journal Title

Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes

Author(s)

Vasquez, Priscilla M.
Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon A.
Marquez, David X.
Argos, Maria
Lamar, Melissa
Odoms-Young, Angela
Wu, Donghong
Gonzalez, Hector M.
Tarraf, Wassim
Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela T.
Vidot, Denise C.
Murillo, Rosenda
Perreira, Krista M.
Castaneda, Sheila F.
Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin
Cai, Jianwen
Gellman, Marc D.
Daviglus, Martha L.

PMCID

PMC6656822