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Public Health Measures to Slow Community Spread of COVID-19

Citation

Cowling, Benjamin J. & Aiello, Allison E. (2020). Public Health Measures to Slow Community Spread of COVID-19. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 22(11), 1749-51. PMCID: PMC7184488

Abstract

COVID-19 was initially identified in an outbreak of viral pneumonia in Wuhan in December 2019, and has now been recognized in 77 countries with over 90,000 laboratory-confirmed cases and over 3,000 deaths as of 3 March 2020 [1]. The epidemiology of COVID-19 has recently become clearer as incident cases continue to rise and researchers refine estimates of the severity, transmissibility, and populations affected. Based on available data, COVID-19 is efficiently transmitted in the community, and the proportion of infections leading to severe illness is particularly high among adults ≥50 years of age and among individuals with comorbid health conditions. Although rare, severe cases have also been reported among younger individuals. Thus far, the estimated basic reproductive number (R0) of COVID-19 is higher than that of influenza [2], as is the case fatality risk for adults and older individuals.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiaa123

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Journal of Infectious Diseases

Author(s)

Cowling, Benjamin J.
Aiello, Allison E.

Year Published

2020

Volume Number

22

Issue Number

11

Pages

1749-51

PMCID

PMC7184488

Reference ID

12683