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The Examination of Diffusion Effects on Modern Contraceptive Use in Nigeria

Citation

Guilkey, David K.; Escamilla, Veronica; Calhoun, Lisa M.; & Speizer, Ilene S. (Online ahead of print). The Examination of Diffusion Effects on Modern Contraceptive Use in Nigeria. Demography. PMCID: PMC Journal - In Process

Abstract

This study uses data gathered for an evaluation of a Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation-funded initiative designed to increase modern contraceptive use in select urban areas of Nigeria. When the initiative was conceived, the hope was that any positive momentum in the cities would diffuse to surrounding areas. Using a variety of statistical methods, we study three aspects of diffusion and their effects on modern contraceptive use: spread through mass communications, social learning, and social influence. Using a dynamic causal model, we find strong evidence of social multiplier effects through social learning. The results for social influence and spread through mass communications are promising, but we are unable to identify definitive causal impacts.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-020-00884-6

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Demography

Author(s)

Guilkey, David K.
Escamilla, Veronica
Calhoun, Lisa M.
Speizer, Ilene S.

Year Published

Online ahead of print

PMCID

PMC Journal - In Process

Reference ID

12737