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Prevalence and Patterns of Dental Care Utilization among US-Born and Non-US Born Hispanics in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

Citation

Akinkugbe, Aderonke A.; Raskin, S. E.; Donahue, E. E.; Youngblood, Marston E.; Laniado, Nadia; & Perreira, Krista M. (Online ahead of print). Prevalence and Patterns of Dental Care Utilization among US-Born and Non-US Born Hispanics in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. JDR Clinical & Translational Research.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Access to routine dental services is important to maintaining good oral health. The aims of this study were to describe the dental care utilization patterns of a diverse group of Hispanic/Latino men and women and assess differences in dental care utilization by perceived need for dental care and proxy measures of acculturation.
METHODS: Data from 13,792 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study were analyzed with SAS 9.4. Time since last dental visit was dichotomized into <1 and ≥1 y. Acculturation measures included the language and social subscales of the Short Acculturation Scale for Hispanics, the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis nativity subscore, and immigrant generation. Survey logistic regression adjusted for demographic (age and sex) and health-related variables, estimated associations among perceived need for dental care, acculturation measures, and dental care utilization.
RESULTS: About a quarter (23%) of the participants were born in the 50 US states, excluding territories, while 77% were non-US born. Overall, 74% perceived a need for dental care. Upon covariate adjustment, perceiving a need for dental care was associated with reduced odds of reporting a past-year dental visit (odds ratio, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.28 to 0.37), while there appeared to be no meaningful association between proxy measures of acculturation and past-year dental visit. Having health insurance was significantly associated with a past-year dental visit (odds ratio, 2.23; 95% CI, 1.99 to 2.49) for all groups combined and among the different Hispanic/Latino background groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Acculturation affects general health and contributes to general health disparities; however, its role in dental care utilization remains questionable. Given that acculturation is a process that occurs over several years, longitudinal studies that evaluate oral health trajectories along the acculturation continuum are needed.
KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER STATEMENT: The results of this study are valuable for dental public health program planning and implementation for minority groups, as it describes the varying patterns of dental care utilization among US-born and non-US born Hispanics/Latinos and identifies factors that may partly explain dental care utilization patterns, such as acculturation.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2380084420923338

Reference Type

Journal Article

Article Type

Regular

Year Published

Online ahead of print

Journal Title

JDR Clinical & Translational Research

Author(s)

Akinkugbe, Aderonke A.
Raskin, S. E.
Donahue, E. E.
Youngblood, Marston E.
Laniado, Nadia
Perreira, Krista M.

Data Set/Study

Hispanic Community Health Study

Continent/Country

United States of America

State

Nonspecific

Race/Ethnicity

Hispanic/Latinx
Cuban
Puerto Rican
Dominican
Mexican
Central/South American