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Consumption of Non-Nutritive Sweeteners by Pre-Schoolers of the Food and Environment Chilean Cohort (FECHIC) before the Implementation of the Chilean Food Labelling and Advertising Law

Citation

Venegas Hargous, Carolina; Reyes, Marcela; Taillie, Lindsey Smith; González, Carmen Gloria; & Corvalán, Camila (2020). Consumption of Non-Nutritive Sweeteners by Pre-Schoolers of the Food and Environment Chilean Cohort (FECHIC) before the Implementation of the Chilean Food Labelling and Advertising Law. Nutrition Journal, 19(1), 69. PMCID: PMC7353755

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) is becoming increasingly more frequent, particularly in the context of obesity prevention policies. The aim of this study was to describe the consumption of NNS in an ongoing cohort of pre-schoolers (4-6-year-old) before the implementation of the Chilean Food Labelling and Advertising Law, identify sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics associated with their consumption, and describe the main dietary sources of each NNS sub-type.
METHODS: In 959 low-medium income pre-schoolers from the Food and Environment Chilean Cohort (FECHIC), dietary data from a single 24-h recall was linked to NNS content information obtained from packaged foods (n = 12,233). The prevalence of NNS consumption was estimated by food source and characterized by child and maternal sociodemographic and anthropometric variables. Intakes and main dietary sources were described for the six most prevalent NNS in Chile: Sodium Cyclamate, Saccharin, Aspartame, Acesulfame Potassium, Sucralose, and Steviol glycosides.
RESULTS: Sixty-eight percent of the pre-schoolers consumed at least one source of NNS on the day of the dietary recall; most of them consumed NNS from foods and beverages (n = 532), while only 12% (n = 119) also consumed table-top sweeteners. The prevalence of NNS consumption was significantly higher among children whose mothers had a high educational level compared to children whose mothers did not complete high school (p < 0.05); however, it did not differ by any other variable studied. The highest intakes of NNS were observed for Aspartame [2.5 (1.4-3.7) mg/kg per consumer], followed by Sodium Cyclamate [1.6 (1.3-2.6) mg/kg per consumer] and Steviol glycosides [1.2 (0.2-2.1) mg/kg per consumer]. Beverages were the only food group that contributed to the intake of the six NNS studied, accounting for 22% of the overall intake of Saccharine and up to 99% of Aspartame intake.
CONCLUSIONS: Before the implementation of the Food Labelling and Advertising Law, NNS consumption was highly prevalent among a cohort of low-middle income Chilean pre-schoolers. Continuous monitoring of NNS consumption is essential given potential food reformulation associated with the implementation of this set of obesity-prevention policies.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-020-00583-3

Reference Type

Journal Article

Article Type

Regular

Year Published

2020

Journal Title

Nutrition Journal

Series Title

Hargous CV, Reyes M, Taillie LS, González CG, Corvalán C. Nutr J. 2020 Dec 5;19(1):135. doi: 10.1186/s12937-020-00655-4. PMID: 33278879

Author(s)

Venegas Hargous, Carolina
Reyes, Marcela
Taillie, Lindsey Smith
González, Carmen Gloria
Corvalán, Camila

PMCID

PMC7353755

Data Set/Study

Food and Environment Chilean Cohort (FECHIC)

Continent/Country

Chile