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The Conflation of Gender and Sex: Gaps and Opportunities in HIV Data among Transgender Women and MSM

Citation

Poteat, Tonia; German, Danielle; & Flynn, Colin (2016). The Conflation of Gender and Sex: Gaps and Opportunities in HIV Data among Transgender Women and MSM. Global Public Health, 11(7-8), 835-48. PMCID: PMC4957661

Abstract

Historically, HIV studies have conflated men who have sex with men (MSM) with transgender (trans) women, explicitly excluded trans individuals, or included sample sizes of trans people that are too small to reach meaningful conclusions. Despite the heavy burden of HIV among trans women, conflation of this population with MSM has limited the information available on the social and behavioural factors that increase HIV vulnerability among trans women and how these factors may differ from MSM. Using data sets from quantitative studies among MSM (n = 645) and trans women (n = 89), as well as qualitative in-depth interviews with 30 trans women in Baltimore, we explore what these data tell us about similarities and differences in HIV vulnerability between the two groups and where they leave gaps in our understanding. We conclude with implications for data collection and intervention development.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2015.1134615

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Global Public Health

Author(s)

Poteat, Tonia
German, Danielle
Flynn, Colin

Year Published

2016

Volume Number

11

Issue Number

7-8

Pages

835-48

PMCID

PMC4957661

Reference ID

12885