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HIV Risk among MSM in Senegal: A Qualitative Rapid Assessment of the Impact of Enforcing Laws that Criminalize Same Sex Practices

Citation

Poteat, Tonia; Diouf, Daouda; Drame, Fatou Maria; Ndaw, Marieme; Traore, Cheikh; Dhaliwal, Mandeep; Beyrer, Chris; & Baral, Stefan D. (2011). HIV Risk among MSM in Senegal: A Qualitative Rapid Assessment of the Impact of Enforcing Laws that Criminalize Same Sex Practices. PLOS ONE, 6(12), e28760. PMCID: PMC3237497

Abstract

Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk for HIV in Senegal, with a prevalence of 21.5%. In December 2008, nine male HIV prevention workers were imprisoned for "acts against nature" prohibited by Senegalese law. This qualitative study assessed the impact of these arrests on HIV prevention efforts. A purposive sample of MSM in six regions of Senegal was recruited by network referral. 26 in-depth interviews (IDIs) and 6 focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted in July-August 2009. 14 key informants were also interviewed. All participants reported pervasive fear and hiding among MSM as a result of the December 2008 arrests and publicity. Service providers suspended HIV prevention work with MSM out of fear for their own safety. Those who continued to provide services noticed a sharp decline in MSM participation. An effective response to the HIV epidemic in Senegal should include active work to decrease enforcement of this law.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028760

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

PLOS ONE

Author(s)

Poteat, Tonia
Diouf, Daouda
Drame, Fatou Maria
Ndaw, Marieme
Traore, Cheikh
Dhaliwal, Mandeep
Beyrer, Chris
Baral, Stefan D.

Year Published

2011

Volume Number

6

Issue Number

12

Pages

e28760

PMCID

PMC3237497

Reference ID

12905