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Longitudinal Cohort of HIV-Negative Transgender Women of Colour in New York City: Protocol for the TURNNT (‘Trying to Understand Relationships, Networks and Neighbourhoods among Transgender Women of Colour’) Study

Citation

Callander, Denton; Schneider, John A.; Radix, Asa; Chaix, Basile; Scheinmann, Roberta; Love, Gia; Smith, Jordyn; Regan, Seann D.; Kawachi, Ichiro; & St James, Kiara, et al. (2020). Longitudinal Cohort of HIV-Negative Transgender Women of Colour in New York City: Protocol for the TURNNT ('Trying to Understand Relationships, Networks and Neighbourhoods among Transgender Women of Colour') Study. BMJ Open, 10(4), e032876. PMCID: PMC7170618

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: In the USA, transgender women are among the most vulnerable to HIV. In particular, transgender women of colour face high rates of infection and low uptake of important HIV prevention tools, including pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). This paper describes the design, sampling methods, data collection and analyses of the TURNNT ('Trying to Understand Relationships, Networks and Neighbourhoods among Transgender women of colour') study. In collaboration with communities of transgender women of colour, TURNNT aims to explore the complex social and environmental (ie, neighbourhood) structures that affect HIV prevention and other aspects of health in order to identify avenues for intervention.
METHODS AND ANALYSES: TURNNT is a prospective cohort study, which will recruit 300 transgender women of colour (150 Black/African American, 100 Latina and 50 Asian/Pacific Islander participants) in New York City. There will be three waves of data collection separated by 6 months. At each wave, participants will provide information on their relationships, social and sexual networks, and neighbourhoods. Global position system technology will be used to generate individual daily path areas in order to estimate neighbourhood-level exposures. Multivariate analyses will be conducted to assess cross-sectional and longitudinal, independent and synergistic associations of personal relationships (notably individual social capital), social and sexual networks, and neighbourhood factors (notably neighbourhood-level social cohesion) with PrEP uptake and discontinuation.
ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The TURNNT protocol was approved by the Columbia University Institutional Review Board (reference no. AAAS8164). This study will provide novel insights into the relationship, network and neighbourhood factors that influence HIV prevention behaviours among transgender women of colour and facilitate exploration of this population's health and well-being more broadly. Through community-based dissemination events and consultation with policy makers, this foundational work will be used to guide the development and implementation of future interventions with and for transgender women of colour.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032876

Reference Type

Journal Article

Article Type

Regular

Year Published

2020

Journal Title

BMJ Open

Author(s)

Callander, Denton
Schneider, John A.
Radix, Asa
Chaix, Basile
Scheinmann, Roberta
Love, Gia
Smith, Jordyn
Regan, Seann D.
Kawachi, Ichiro
St James, Kiara
Ransome, Yusuf
Herrera, Cristina
Reisner, Sari L.
Doroshow, Ceyenne
Poteat, Tonia
Watson, Kim
Bluebond-Langner, Rachel
Toussaint, Nala
Garofalo, Robert
Sevelius, Jae M.
Duncan, Dustin T.

PMCID

PMC7170618

Data Set/Study

TURNNT ('Trying to Understand Relationships, Networks and Neighbourhoods among Transgender women of colour') study

Continent/Country

United States of America

State

New York

Race/Ethnicity

Black
African-American
Hispanic/Latinx
Asian/Pacific Islander