Menu Close

Accelerometer-Assessed Physical Activity and Incident Diabetes in a Population Covering the Adult Life Span: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

Citation

Chen, Guo-Chong; Qi, Qibin; Hua, Simin; Moon, Jee-Young; Spartano, Nicole L.; Vasan, Ramachandran S.; Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela T.; Castaneda, Sheila F.; Evenson, Kelly R.; & Perreira, Krista M., et al. (2020). Accelerometer-Assessed Physical Activity and Incident Diabetes in a Population Covering the Adult Life Span: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 112(5), 1318-1327. PMCID: PMC7657343

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The association between accelerometer-assessed physical activity and risk of diabetes remains unclear, especially among US Hispanic/Latino adults who have lower levels of physical activity and a higher diabetes burden compared with other racial/ethnical populations in the country.
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between accelerometer-assessed physical activity and incident diabetes in a US Hispanic/Latino population.
METHODS: We included 7280 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos who aged 18-74 y and free of diabetes at baseline. Data on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were collected using a 7-d accelerometer measurement. Incident diabetes was assessed after a mean ± SD of 6.0 ± 0.8 y using standard procedures including blood tests. RRs and 95% CIs of diabetes associated with MVPA were estimated using survey Poisson regressions. The associations of MVPA with 6-y changes in adiposity measures were also examined.
RESULTS: A total of 871 incident cases of diabetes were identified. MVPA was inversely and nonlinearly associated with risk of diabetes (P-nonlinearity = 0.006), with benefits accruing rapidly at the lower end of MVPA range (<30 min/d) and leveling off thereafter. The association differed by population age (P-interaction = 0.006). Higher MVPA was associated with lower risk of diabetes among individuals older than 50 y (RRQ4 versus Q1 = 0.50; 95% CI: 0.35, 0.73; P-trend < 0.001) but not among younger individuals (RRQ4 versus Q1 = 0.98; 95% CI: 0.66, 1.47; P-trend = 0.92). An inverse association between MVPA and 6-y gain in waist circumference was also limited to the older group (P-interaction with age < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Among US Hispanic/Latino adults, baseline accelerometer-derived MVPA was inversely associated with incident diabetes only among individuals aged 50 y and older. Further studies are needed to confirm our findings and to clarify potential mechanisms underlying the possible age differences in the MVPA-diabetes association.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqaa232

Reference Type

Journal Article

Article Type

Regular

Year Published

2020

Journal Title

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Author(s)

Chen, Guo-Chong
Qi, Qibin
Hua, Simin
Moon, Jee-Young
Spartano, Nicole L.
Vasan, Ramachandran S.
Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela T.
Castaneda, Sheila F.
Evenson, Kelly R.
Perreira, Krista M.
Gallo, Linda C.
Pirzada, Amber
Diaz, Keith M.
Daviglus, Martha L.
Gellman, Marc D.
Kaplan, Robert C.
Xue, Xiaonan
Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin

PMCID

PMC7657343

Data Set/Study

Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

Continent/Country

United States of America

State

Nonspecific

Race/Ethnicity

Hispanic/Latinx