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Breast-Feeding Patterns in Low-Income Countries


Popkin, Barry M.; Bilsborrow, Richard E.; & Akin, John S. (1982). Breast-Feeding Patterns in Low-Income Countries. Science, 218(4577), 1088-1093.


Breast-feeding is important to infant nutrition, morbidity, and mortality, and to postpartum amenorrhea (hence to birth intervals). Evidence on breast-feeding patterns in low-income countries from nationally representative World Fertility Surveys and secondary sources shows that in all but a few such countries most children are breast-fed for at least a few months. The limited evidence available on trends seems to indicate a decline in the duration of breast-feeding, but in most of Asia and Africa breast-feeding is almost universal during at least the first 6 months. Earlier weaning is common in Latin America.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title


Series Title

Science 18 Feb 1983: Vol. 219, Issue 4586, pp. 798


Popkin, Barry M.
Bilsborrow, Richard E.
Akin, John S.