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Individual and Community Characteristics Influencing Determinants of Breastfeeding Duration in Vietnam

Citation

Swenson, Ingrid Elizabeth; Nguyen, Minh Thang; & Tieu, Pham Xuan (1993). Individual and Community Characteristics Influencing Determinants of Breastfeeding Duration in Vietnam. Annals of Human Biology, 20(4), 325-34.

Abstract

This analysis of selected community and maternal characteristics influencing duration of breastfeeding in Vietnam utilized data from the 1988 Demographic and Health Survey and 1990 Accessibility of Contraceptives Survey available for the 4434 children born to 2769 women having their last birth between 1983-88. Explanatory variables included as covariates in the hazards model were mother's education, age of the mother at the time of the child's birth, birth order, and gender of the child, urban versus rural residence, infant mortality risk in the child's province, locality (mountains and highlands compared to delta and coastal), and region of the country (north, south). Indicators of development in the child's village included availability of electricity and public transportation. Breastfeeding duration was longer among the more highly educated women and among those women living in provinces with higher infant mortality. However, there were no significant differences in the duration of breastfeeding with variations among certain development characteristics of the village. Although there were regional differences in the duration of breastfeeding for the rural population, there were no regional differences for the overall population. There were no significant variations in the duration of breastfeeding by age of the mother, birth order or gender of the child. Although there were significant variations in duration of breastfeeding by some maternal and community characteristics, between 80-90 per cent of all women breastfeed for at least the first year of the child's life.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014469300002732

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Annals of Human Biology

Author(s)

Swenson, Ingrid Elizabeth
Nguyen, Minh Thang
Tieu, Pham Xuan

Year Published

1993

Volume Number

20

Issue Number

4

Pages

325-34

Reference ID

132