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Adolescent and Adult Correlates of Prescription Opioid Use and Misuse in Adulthood: Associations Across Domains of Despair

Citation

Austin, Anna E.; Naumann, Rebecca B.; Figgatt, Mary C.; & Aiello, Allison E. (2021). Adolescent and Adult Correlates of Prescription Opioid Use and Misuse in Adulthood: Associations Across Domains of Despair. Substance Use and Misuse, 56(3), 404-415.

Abstract

Objective: Given continued increases in "deaths of despair", there is a need to examine associations of factors across multiple domains of despair (i.e. cognitive, emotional, behavioral, biological) with opioid-related behaviors. An understanding of current and early life correlates of prescription opioid behaviors can help inform clinical care, public health interventions, and future life course research.
Methods: Using data from Waves I (1994-1995; participants ages 12-18 years) and V (2016-2018; participants ages 34-42 years) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 10,685), we examined adolescent and adult demographic, mental and physical health, substance use, and behavioral characteristics associated with past 30-day prescription opioid use only, misuse only, and both use and misuse to no recent use or misuse in adulthood.
Results: Overall, 2.3% of adult participants reported past 30-day prescription opioid use only, 6.3% reported past 30-day misuse only, and 1.3% reported both prescribed use and misuse in the past 30 days. Physical health conditions in adolescence and adulthood were most common among those reporting use only and both use and misuse. Mental health conditions, other substance use, and delinquent behaviors in adolescence and adulthood were most common among those reporting misuse only and both use and misuse.
Conclusions: Results from this nationally representative sample highlight the prevalence of specific prescription opioid behaviors and underscore the importance of targeting underlying drivers of prescription opioid use and misuse early in the life course. Continued implementation individual- and population-level approaches will be critical to addressing continued demand for opioids.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2020.1868521

Reference Type

Journal Article

Article Type

Regular

Year Published

2021

Journal Title

Substance Use and Misuse

Author(s)

Austin, Anna E.
Naumann, Rebecca B.
Figgatt, Mary C.
Aiello, Allison E.

Data Set/Study

National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health

Continent/Country

United States of America

State

Nonspecific