CitationAlpert, Ash B.; Gampa, Vikas; Lytle, Megan C.; Manzano, Charlie; Ruddick, Roman; Poteat, Tonia; Quinn, Gwendolyn P.; & Kamen, Charles S. (Online ahead of print). I'm Not Putting on That Floral Gown: Enforcement and Resistance of Gender Expectations for Transgender People with Cancer. Patient Education and Counseling.
AbstractOBJECTIVES: Understanding barriers to care for transgender people with cancer is necessary to increase oncologic care access. Little has been published regarding the experiences of transgender people with cancer. We sought to explore these experiences, assess barriers to oncologic care, and elucidate potential solutions.
METHODS: Using an interpretive descriptive approach, we conducted two group interviews with transgender people who had been diagnosed with cancer and one with physicians who treat patients with cancer. Two investigators independently analyzed verbatim transcripts and, together, refined themes, resolving disagreements with consensus. Member checking and peer debriefing were used to confirm and elaborate on findings.
RESULTS: Seven people who had been diagnosed with cancer and five physicians who treat people with cancer participated in group interviews. Themes included: (a) experiences with cancer may uniquely impact transgender people; (b) enforcement of clinician and systemic gender expectations creates barriers to cancer care; and (c) resistance to gender expectations may facilitate care.
CONCLUSIONS: Gender expectations create barriers to oncologic care, which can be resisted by patients, clinicians, and institutions.
IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Clinicians and institutions should create gender-inclusive oncologic spaces, demonstrate allyship, and support patient autonomy to decrease barriers to care for transgender people with cancer.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Year PublishedOnline ahead of print
Journal TitlePatient Education and Counseling
Author(s)Alpert, Ash B.
Lytle, Megan C.
Quinn, Gwendolyn P.
Kamen, Charles S.