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Prevalence and Psychosocial Factors Associated with Self-Injurious Thoughts among People Living with HIV Presenting for HIV Testing in Mozambique

Citation

Parcesepe, Angela M.; Lahuerta, Maria; Lamb, Matthew R.; Ahoua, Laurence; Abacassamo, Fatima; & Elul, Batya (Online ahead of print). Prevalence and Psychosocial Factors Associated with Self-Injurious Thoughts among People Living with HIV Presenting for HIV Testing in Mozambique. AIDS Care.

Abstract

Self-injurious thoughts have been associated with psychiatric morbidity and suicide. Little is known about psychosocial factors associated with self-injurious thoughts among people newly diagnosed with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. This study examined whether food insufficiency, mental health symptoms, or social support were associated with recent self-injurious thoughts among people newly diagnosed with HIV in Mozambique. The sample included 2001 PLWH aged ≥ 18 newly diagnosed with HIV at 10 health clinics in Mozambique between April 2013 and June 2015. Data were collected at time of HIV diagnosis. Multivariable logistic regression modeled the association of social support, affective mental health symptom severity, somatic mental health symptom severity, and food insufficiency on recent self-injurious thoughts. Ten percent of respondents reported recent self-injurious thoughts, which was higher among women than men (11% vs 7%). In multivariable analyses, food insufficiency [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.7 (95% CI 1.3, 2.2)], and low [aOR(vs no) = 4.8, 95% CI 1.7, 13.4) and moderate/high affective symptom severity [aOR(vs no) = 8.7, 95% CI 2.8, 27.6) were associated with greater odds of self-injurious thoughts. Interventions to address self-injurious thoughts should consider accompanying psychosocial stressors. Longitudinal research to examine mechanisms through which psychosocial stressors are associated with self-injurious thoughts is warranted.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2021.1902930

Reference Type

Journal Article

Article Type

Regular

Year Published

Online ahead of print

Journal Title

AIDS Care

Author(s)

Parcesepe, Angela M.
Lahuerta, Maria
Lamb, Matthew R.
Ahoua, Laurence
Abacassamo, Fatima
Elul, Batya

Data Set/Study

Engage4Health Study

Continent/Country

Mozambique
Sub-Saharan Africa