CitationThorp, John M., Jr. & Bowes, Watson A., Jr. (1989). Episiotomy: Can Its Routine Use be Defended?. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 160(5 Pt. 1), 1027-1030.
AbstractEpisiotomy is routinely used before delivery in the United States. The rationale for routine episiotomy is based on two foundation arguments: that episiotomy reduces perineal trauma and that it prevents subsequent pelvic relaxation. A careful review finds little evidence to support these arguments. Episiotomy may predispose the gravid woman to third- and fourth-degree lacerations. Efforts should be directed to determine whether episiotomy is beneficial.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleAmerican Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Author(s)Thorp, John M., Jr.
Bowes, Watson A., Jr.